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Employment, unemployment and economic inactivity in Westminster

How Westminster compares with London and Great Britain across employment-related statistics

In Westminster:

Employment rate 69.6% ages 16 to 64

Employment in Westminster has increased compared with the previous year. Westminster's employment rate was lower than across London as a whole in the year ending September 2023.

Go to employment rate section

Unemployment rate 4.6% ages 16+

Unemployment (people looking for work) has risen since a year earlier. The most recent unemployment rate for Westminster was lower than across London as a whole.

Go to unemployment rate section

Claimant Count 4.1% ages 16 to 64

Claimant Count remained similar in December 2023 compared with a year earlier. The Claimant Count measures the number of people who are claiming unemployment-related benefits.

Go to Claimant Count section

Economic inactivity 27.6% ages 16 to 64

Economic inactivity has decreased since the previous year. These are people who are neither employed nor seeking work.

Go to economic inactivity section

Warning:

These estimates are less precise than national or regional figures because they are based on smaller numbers of survey respondents.

Local population changes also mean that the numbers of people in each area who are employed, unemployed and economically inactive in this article may be under- or over-estimates.

Estimates of employment and economic inactivity are based on the Annual Population Survey. Unemployment estimates are modelled to improve their precision compared to those based only on responses provided via the Annual Population Survey.

The Claimant Count is based on administrative data from the benefits system. These data are experimental statistics.

Employment in Westminster has increased compared with the previous year

Westminster's employment rate was lower than across London as a whole in the year ending September 2023.

Of people aged 16 to 64 years living in Westminster, 69.6% were employed in the year ending September 2023. This is an increase compared with the year ending September 2022 when the local rate was 65.9%.

Across London in the year ending September 2023, 74.6% of people aged 16 to 64 years were employed. This was lower compared with the previous year, when 75.8% of people were employed.

Employment rates of areas in London

Among those aged 16 to 64 years (%), year ending June 2013 to year ending September 2023
Figures are based on a small number of survey responses in each area and are less precise than national or regional estimates. Ranking, and changes in ranking, may be the result of sampling variability.

Overall, there were 116,000 people aged 16 and over in Westminster who were employed in the year ending September 2023. This is up from the previous year, when there were 113,000 people aged 16 and over who were employed.

Local population changes mean that the numbers of people in each area who are employed, unemployed and economically inactive in this article may be under- or over-estimates.

Unemployment rose in Westminster compared with the previous year

Unemployment estimates are modelled to improve their precision compared to those based only on responses provided via the Annual Population Survey.

Around 5,600 people aged 16 and over in Westminster were unemployed in the year ending September 2023. This is a rate of 4.6%.

This was an increase compared with the year ending September 2022 when the unemployment rate was 4.0%.

Across London, from the year ending September 2022 to the year ending September 2023, there was an increase in the unemployment rate from 4.5% to 4.8%.

Year on year, the number of people unemployed in London rose from around 225,000 to around 242,000 over the same period.

Unemployment across Great Britain stayed at a similar rate between the year ending September 2022 and the year ending September 2023, going from around 1,200,000 people (3.7%) to around 1,240,000 (3.7%).

Unemployed people are those without jobs who are actively seeking work and available to take up a job. Some jobless people may not seek work or be able to work for various reasons, such as retirement, sickness, or study, and are called "economically inactive".

This means that the employment rate and the unemployment rate can both go up at the same time as people move into the labour market and become job seekers.

The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed people out of everyone "economically active" in the labour market, that is, everyone who is employed or looking for work. The employment rate is out of the working-age population including "economically inactive" people.

Highest unemployment rates (%) of areas in London, with Westminster for comparison

Among those aged 16 and over and active in the labour market, year ending September 2023

Claimant Count in Westminster was around the same as in the previous year

The Claimant Count is an experimental statistic that measures the number of people who are claiming unemployment-related benefits.

The Claimant Count in Westminster was 6315 in December 2023, up from December 2022, when there were 6105 claimants.

The proportion of people aged 16 to 64 years in Westminster who were claiming unemployment-related benefits was 4.1% in December 2023, a similar value compared with December 2022 when it was 4.0%.

Claimant Count (%) for areas in London

Among those aged 16 to 64 years, September 2013 to December 2023

Economic inactivity has decreased in Westminster compared with the previous year

Around 44,300 people or 27.6% of the population aged 16 to 64 years in Westminster were "economically inactive" in the year ending September 2023. This compares with around 50,500 people (31.1%) in the year ending September 2022.

People are classed as "economically inactive" if they are not in employment but don't meet the criteria for being "unemployed". This means they have not been seeking work within the previous four weeks or were unable to start work within the next two weeks. Common reasons include being retired, looking after the home or family or being temporarily or long-term sick and disabled.

Economic inactivity in Westminster is higher than across London and Great Britain.

Across London, 21.5% of people aged 16 to 64 years were economically inactive during the year ending September 2023, an increase compared with the year ending September 2022 when 20.6% were economically inactive.

Overall in Great Britain, 21.2% of people aged 16 to 64 years were economically inactive, compared with 21.6% in the previous year.

Economic inactivity in Westminster compared with London

Residents aged 16 to 64 years (%), year ending September 2023
The estimate for Westminster is based on a small number of survey responses and is less precise than national or regional estimates. Ranking may be the result of sampling variability.

More data about Westminster

You can view and download more local labour market data on the Westminster area profile page on Nomis.

Find more facts and figures about Westminster.

More data on the labour market

The most recent labour market figures for all local authorities are in our associated data release.

You can also read our most recent labour market overview.

Historic data is available on Nomis. For employment and economic inactivity, see estimates from the Annual Population Survey. Data for model-based unemployment and Claimant Count (non-seasonally adjusted) are also available.

About this article

The content in this article is generated using semi-automated journalism, based on rules pre-programmed by Office for National Statistics (ONS) staff.

This is a new product in Beta release, intended to improve the accessibility of labour market data at local level. Leave us general feedback or contact the subnational analysis team by emailing subnational@ons.gov.uk.

Articles are not available for Isles of Scilly and City of London, as the survey samples of the resident population are too small.

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