In this section

  • ONS has two main sources of data on employee earnings (i.e. the payment that people receive from work). Average Weekly Earnings (AWE) provides time series estimates (updated monthly) of change in average earnings. Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), meanwhile, is the source of more in-depth detail about lots of topics such as the gender Pay Gap, and low pay. Working hours information comes from both ASHE and the Labour Force Survey.

  • Employment rates from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), broken down by age and sex. Employment rates show the number of people in employment as a proportion of the population. Other figures include the number of people in employment (also from the LFS) and vacancies (from the Vacancies Survey).

  • The efficiency of the UK workforce calculated as output per worker, output per job and output per hour. Labour productivity is an important factor in determining the productive potential of the economy. Countries with strong labour productivity growth tend to benefit from high rates of growth and low inflation.

  • People employed in central government, local government and public corporations, including those with a second job in the public sector. Statistics also include Civil Service employment with regional, earnings and diversity analyses.

  • Stoppages of work because of disputes between employers and employees. These include strikes and lock-outs (where an employer stops employees from entering a place of work). Figures include the number of days lost to workplace disputes in the public and private sectors and the number of workers involved.

  • Individuals' pensions linked to their workplace, including defined ambition (DA), defined benefit (DB) and defined contribution (DC) schemes.