1. Infections

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey
Dataset | Updated weekly
Findings from the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey, England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey estimates the number of infections in the community population in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland.

People tested are from randomly selected residential households and may or may not have any COVID-19 symptoms. Nose and throat swabs are taken from all household members aged two years and over. It excludes those in hospitals, care homes or other institutional settings. Positivity rates are calculated for seven-day periods and adjusted to represent the population. Results are published in a weekly bulletin, with a release on the characteristics of people testing positive published monthly. The survey is delivered in partnership with University of Oxford, University of Manchester, Public Health England and Wellcome Trust.

Read more about the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey methodology.

Real-time Assessment of Community Transmission (REACT) Study

The REACT Study also estimates the number of infections in the community population in England. The study tests randomly selected individuals (rather than households) over the age of five years. Results are calculated for time periods ranging from 18 to 32 days for each testing round. REACT is commissioned by the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) and carried out by Imperial College in partnership with Ipsos MORI.

Read more about the REACT Study methodology.

Back to table of contents

2. Deaths

Deaths registered weekly in England and Wales, provisional
Dataset | Updated weekly
Provisional counts of the number of deaths registered in England and Wales, by age, sex and region, in the latest weeks for which data are available. Includes the most up-to-date figures available for deaths involving the coronavirus (COVID-19).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) weekly deaths

The Office for National Statistics’ (ONS's) weekly provisional counts of the number of deaths registered in England and Wales includes all deaths with the coronavirus (COVID-19) mentioned on the death certificate. This dataset provides counts based on the date the death was registered, as well as when it occurred.

Charts presented in the COVID-19 latest insights tool show deaths by the date of registration, not the date of occurrence. This is because the number of deaths that occur on any given date can change retrospectively as more deaths are registered. There is on average a delay of five days between occurrence and registration. More information on this issue can be found in the Impact of registration delays release.

This dataset also provides breakdowns of deaths by region, sex and age group. More information can be found through the ONS’s mortality statistics quality and methodology information page

Back to table of contents

3. Society

Coronavirus and the social impacts on Great Britain
Dataset | Updated weekly
Indicators from the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN) measuring the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on people, households and communities in Great Britain. Includes breakdowns by age, sex, underlying health condition, region and country.

Coronavirus and the social impacts on different ethnic groups in the UK
Dataset | Released 14 December 2020
Estimates from the Understanding Society: COVID-19 Study, 2020, UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) and Wealth and Assets Survey (WAS) to explore the social impacts of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on people from different ethnic groups in the UK.

Coronavirus and higher education students
Dataset | Released 9 December 2020
Experimental statistics from a pilot of the Student Covid Insights Survey. Includes information on the behaviours, plans, opinions and well-being of higher education students in England in the context of guidance on the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Opinions and Lifestyle Survey

In response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) adapted the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN) to become a weekly survey used to collect data that aims to understand the social impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. The data provide an insight into how people’s personal, home and work lives have changed through the pandemic and what the impact of the pandemic has been on people’s well-being and the communities in which they live. The data allow consideration of these impacts among different parts of our society, for example, on people of different age, sex, health or from regions.

The survey results are weighted to be a nationally representative sample for Great Britain, and data are collected using an online self-completion questionnaire. Individuals who did not want to or were unable to complete the survey online had the opportunity to take part over the phone.

Further information on survey sampling, collection and weighting is presented in the weekly bulletin.

Understanding Society: COVID-19 Study, 2020

Some of our analysis of the impact of COVID-19 by ethnicity uses data from Wave 1 (April 2020) of the Understanding Society: COVID-19 Study, 2020. For this study, participants from the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) aged 16 years and over were invited to take part, via web or telephone, in a new monthly survey measuring the changing impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the welfare of UK individuals, families and wider communities. We used data based on the 17,761 participants who completed the web survey in the first wave.

Read more about the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey methodology.

Student Covid Insights Survey

The Student Covid Insights Survey (SCIS) is a pilot study on the behaviours, plans, opinions and well-being of higher education students in England during the coronavirus pandemic, conducted by the Office for National Statistics. Information has been collected in three rounds in October and November 2020.

Findings from this and other studies on similar topics in England have been outlined in Coronavirus and the impact on students in higher education in England: September to December 2020.

Back to table of contents

4. Other ONS data

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has reacted to the coronavirus (COVID-19) by creating lots of additional content to help the public understand the pandemic. The COVID-19 latest insights tool brings together the most relevant of these, but there are several other releases for instance on economic impacts or deaths by local area and socioeconomic background. You can view all publications related to COVID-19.

Back to table of contents