The demography of the UK is changing as people are living longer, but the age and sex structure of local areas can differ greatly depending on where you are. Have a look at how your area compares with others, or the whole of the UK.

To use the tool, pick areas of interest and choose the year using the slider at the bottom. You can also see how the population has changed over time, and how it is projected to change in the next 20 years, by pressing the play button.

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  1. Data for 1998, 2008, and 2018 are based on population estimates from mid-2018. Data for 2028 and 2038 are based on projections from mid-2016. The 2028 and 2038 values for Welsh local authorities are based on projections from mid-2014.

  2. Newer country-level projections are available in our 2018-based national population projections.


  • Overview of the UK population

    An overview of the UK population incorporating data related to 2020, how it has changed, why it has changed and how it is projected to change in the future.

  • National population projections

    The potential future population size of the UK. These statistics are widely used in planning, for example, fiscal projections, health, education and pensions.

  • Population estimates for the UK, England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland

    National and subnational mid-year population estimates for the UK and its constituent countries by administrative area, age, and sex.

  • Subnational population projections for England

    Indicate potential future population size of English local and health authorities. Widely used in planning – for example labour market, housing, health and education.