Of businesses still trading, the arts, entertainment and recreation industry had the highest proportion of the workforce remaining on furlough, at 47%, followed by accommodation and food services at 43%, according to the Business Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Survey (BICS). See Section 2.
The proportion of adults wearing a face covering when leaving the home increased to 84% from 71% in the previous week, according to the latest Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN). See section 3.
Between 19 and 26 July 2020, footfall in high streets moderately increased to just under 60% of its level the same day a year ago, while retail parks and shopping centres held steady at just under 80% and 60% respectively. See Section 4.
The volume of job adverts remained at 52% of its 2019 average between 17 and 24 July 2020. See Section 5.
Prices decreased for a number of high demand products (HDPs) in the week beginning 20 July 2020, and the all HDP index fell by 0.1%. See Section 6.
In the week commencing 20 July 2020, Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) lodgements for existing dwellings returned to similar levels observed at the end of February across all regions, while EPC lodgements for new dwellings were around 20% lower across England and Wales; as such, they can be used as a timely indicator for the number of completed constructions and number of transactions. See Section 7.
Average daily visits of all ships have remained stable for a fourth consecutive week, and passenger ship visits reached their highest level since the week commencing 30 March 2020. See Section 8.
These figures are provided by Springboard, a provider of data on customer activity. They measure the volume of footfall compared with the same day the previous year at the overall level and across the categories of high streets, retail parks and shopping centres. For example, Tuesday 14 July 2020 was compared with Tuesday 16 July 2019.
Across 20 to 26 July 2020, the seven-day average of overall footfall increased slightly to just over 60% of its level across the same period in the previous year. This continues the gradual increase in footfall seen since the re-opening of non-essential shops and businesses in England, on 15 June.
Footfall in high streets increased moderately between 19 to 26 July 2020, to just under 60% of its level the same day a year ago. Until this week, shopping centres had a stronger recovery in footfall than high streets, but high streets have now caught up, with both just under 60%.
Retail parks still have the strongest footfall performance, holding steady at just under 80% of its level a year ago. However, this indicates little change since non-essential shops and businesses began to re-open six weeks ago.Back to table of contents
These figures use job adverts provided by Adzuna, an online job search engine. These estimates are experimental and will be developed over the coming weeks. Estimates of online job adverts by NUTS1 region are currently under development. The number of job adverts over time is an indicator of the demand for labour.
Figure 5: Between 17 and 24 July 2020, the total volume of job adverts remained at 52% of its 2019 average
Total weekly job adverts on Adzuna, UK, 4 January 2019 to 24 July 2020: index 2019 average = 100
The observations were collected on a roughly weekly basis; however, they were not all observed at the same point in each week, leading to slightly irregular gaps between each observation.
These series have a small number of missing weeks, mostly in late 2019, and the latest is in January 2020. These values have been imputed using linear interpolation. The data points that have been imputed are clearly marked in the accompanying dataset.
Further category breakdowns are included in the Online job advert estimates dataset, and more details on the methodology can be found in Using Adzuna data to derive an indicator of weekly vacancies.
Overall, between 17 and 24 July 2020, the volume of total online job adverts remained unchanged at 52% of its 2019 average. It has stayed around half the 2019 average since the start of June, indicating online job adverts have been slow to recover from their low point on 1 May 2020.
Just over half of the Adzuna categories declined from the previous week, and just under half increased. In particular, online job adverts for healthcare and social care declined from 97% to 93% of their 2019 average, and adverts for education declined from 84% to 80%. The largest increase this week was for the category of transport, logistics and warehouse, which increased from 55% to 66% of its 2019 average.
The categories presented here were selected because of user interest, and because they more closely track trends in the Office for National Statistics (ONS) vacancies data. Note that the Adzuna categories used do not correspond to Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) categories, so these values are not directly comparable with the ONS Vacancy Survey.Back to table of contents
A timely indication of weekly price change for high-demand products (HDPs) has been developed, covering the period 16 March to 26 July 2020. A timeline of developments for these indicators can be found in Online price changes of high-demand products methodology. This analysis is experimental and should not be compared with our regular consumer price statistics.
Figure 6 shows that in addition to the overall HDP items index falling by 0.1%, the prices for all household and hygiene goods and all food both fell by 0.2% in the latest week (20 to 26 July 2020). These movements are smaller than in the previous week (13 to 19 July), when they fell by 0.7%, 1.1%, and 0.7% respectively. As well as food, and household and hygiene products, the all items index contains items such as pet food and medicines (such as vitamin C), which mean that the all items index sometimes moves differently to the two subseries.
Most items in the HDP basket showed a decrease this week. Figure 7 shows that although the price of vitamin C showed the largest increase, it has previously been more volatile, and in this week is only 1.9% above its level in Week 1. It should be noted that the sample size for vitamin C is very small and these recent changes have been driven by a single retailer. Nappies have also shown a lot of volatility as products go on and off promotion across multiple retailers.
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This release includes weekly Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) for new and existing domestic properties in England and Wales, split by NUTS1 English regions. The EPCs for domestic properties are published weekly by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG). As such, they can be used as a timely indicator for the number of completed constructions and number of transactions.
An EPC contains information on the energy efficiency of a property and is a requirement when a property is built, sold or rented in England and Wales. New building(s) or conversions of existing buildings require an EPC once construction has been completed. More information on the EPC methods, strengths and limitations is available in the accompanying methodology article.
Figure 8 shows in the week commencing 20 July 2020, existing EPC lodgements returned to levels similar to those observed at the end of February across all regions, while EPC lodgements for new dwellings were around 20% lower across England and Wales combined. EPC lodgements for both new and existing dwellings started to recover towards the end of May after reaching a low in early April, though EPCs for new dwellings recovered at a slower rate. A reduction in construction would contribute to the delay in EPC assessments of new dwellings.
The spike in the number of EPCs for existing dwellings seen in Wales during the weeks commencing 8 and 15 June 2020 was caused by local authorities in Wales reviewing their social housing stock.
Figure 8: In the week commencing 20 July 2020, EPC lodgements for existing dwellings returned to levels similar to those observed at the end of February across all regions, whilst EPC lodgements for new dwellings were around 20% lower across England and Wales
Existing and new Energy Performance Certificates lodgements by region, non-seasonally adjusted, February 2020 to July 2020. Percentage change since week commencing 24 February 2020
Source: Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) Domestic Energy Performance Certificate Register
- Further notes are available in the weekly EPCs for domestic properties dataset.
- Week commencing 24 February 2020 is when the time series begins; we will look to expand this in the future.
- Wales shown on a different scale.
These shipping indicators are based on counts of all vessels, cargo and tanker vessels and passenger vessels. As discussed in Faster indicators of UK economic activity: shipping, we expect the shipping indicators to be related to the import and export of goods.
While the number of daily visits of all ships increased substantially through June 2020, throughout July 2020 it has stabilised to normal levels of traffic, similar to pre-lockdown levels. On a seasonally adjusted basis, there was an average of 384 daily visits between 20 and 26 July, compared with a daily average of 374 visits the previous week.
Cargo ships remained stable for a third consecutive week, at a weekly average of 96 daily visits compared with a daily average of 91 and 93 visits in the previous two weeks. Visits of passenger ships saw an increase in their daily average from 83 the week before to 92 visits between 20 and 26 July, the highest daily average since week commencing 30 March 2020.Back to table of contents
Weekly and daily shipping indicators
Dataset | Released 30 July 2020
The weekly and daily shipping indicators dataset associated with the faster indicators of UK economic activity.
Online price changes for high-demand products
Dataset | Released 30 July 2020
Weekly online price changes of selected high-demand products (HDPs).
Online job advert estimates
Dataset | Released 30 July 2020
Experimental job advert indices covering the UK job market.
Business Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Survey (BICS) results
Dataset | Released 30 July 2020
Final results from the Business Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Survey (BICS). This qualitative fortnightly survey covers business turnover, workforce, prices and trade.
A faster indicator provides insights into economic activity using close-to-real-time big data, administrative data sources, rapid response surveys or Experimental Statistics, which represent useful economic and social concepts.
High-demand product (HDP) basket
The HDP basket contains everyday essential items that were identified at the beginning of the crisis to have high consumer demand, including items from food, health and hygiene categories. The selection of these items was based on anecdotal evidence on patterns of consumer spend. The basket does not cover all items within these categories.Back to table of contents
Detailed information on the data sources, quality and methodology of the different indicators included in this bulletin is available in the Coronavirus and the latest indicators of the UK economy and society methodology.
We will summarise any crucial updates to the quality or methodology in this section in the future.
As a user of the Business Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Survey (BICS) data, we would like to hear your thoughts on the future of the survey. If you would like to provide your views, please complete this short questionnaire to help shape the future of BICS. The survey will remain open until 21 August 2020.Back to table of contents
Detailed information on the strengths and limitations of the different indicators included in this bulletin is available in the Coronavirus and the latest indicators of the UK economy and society methodology.
We will summarise any crucial updates or warnings in this section in the future.Back to table of contents
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