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From 9 July 2021, this page is no longer being updated.
All our latest findings relating to coronavirus from ONS and other sources can now be found in our interactive tool, coronavirus (COVID-19) latest insights.
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Infections and deaths
Infections have increased across the UK
9 July 2021
Coronavirus (COVID-19) cases increased in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland in the week ending 3 July 2021.
The estimated percentage of the community population (those not in hospitals, care homes or other institutional settings) that had COVID-19 was:
- 0.61% in England (1 in 160 people)
- 0.30% in Wales (1 in 340 people)
- 0.33% in Northern Ireland (1 in 300 people)
- 1.01% in Scotland (1 in 100 people)
In England, infections were estimated to be highest in the North East and North West regions.
Across England overall, estimated infection rates increased in all age groups and were highest in those in school Year 12 (aged 16 and 17 years) to age 24 years.
The percentage of people testing positive increased in all age groups in the week ending 3 July 2021 in England
Estimated percentage of the population testing positive for the coronavirus (COVID-19) on nose and throat swabs, daily, by age group from 23 May to 3 July 2021, England
Data for percentage testing positive by age group in England (XLSX, 37 KB)
Deaths in England and Wales fall below five-year average
6 July 2021
The number of deaths from all causes in England and Wales in the week ending 25 June 2021 was 8,690; 7.6% below the five-year average for the corresponding week.
There were 99 deaths involving coronavirus (COVID-19) registered in England and Wales in the week ending 25 June; three deaths fewer than the previous week. Deaths involving COVID-19 accounted for around 1 in 91, or 1.1%, of all deaths.
Deaths from all causes were below the five-year average in the week ending 25 June 2021
Provisional number of deaths registered by week, England and Wales, 28 December 2019 to 25 June 2021
Download number of deaths registered by week (XLSX, 23 KB)
Wales had one death involving COVID-19 in the week ending 25 June, having recorded zero the week before. The total number of deaths remained below the five-year average in Wales and all English regions.
The numbers of COVID-19 related deaths were similar to the numbers recorded in the week ending 18 June for most English regions and Wales. The largest increase was reported in the North West.
Compared with the previous week, the number of deaths involving COVID-19 decreased or was similar across all age groups in the week ending 25 June 2021. Most deaths were among those over 65-years-old.
Using the most up-to-date data, the total number of deaths involving COVID-19 in England and Wales is over 140,000 (140,560 registrations up to 25 June 2021).
Our data are based on deaths registered in England and Wales. They include all deaths where “novel coronavirus (COVID-19)” was mentioned on the death certificate. Weekly figures are available by local authority and health board.
COVID-19 antibodies continue to rise in line with vaccinations across the UK countries
7 July 2021
An estimated 89.8% of the adult population in England, 91.8% in Wales, 87.2% in Northern Ireland and 84.7% in Scotland tested positive for COVID-19 antibodies in the week beginning 14 June 2021.
During the same week, estimated vaccination rates continued to increase in all four UK countries.
The presence of antibodies suggests a person previously had COVID-19 or has been vaccinated.
Antibody positivity increases with age, reflecting age prioritisation in vaccination programmes. Vaccination rates are lowest in younger age groups but are increasing. Across the four UK countries, the estimated percentage of adults aged 25 to 34 years who have received one or more doses of COVID-19 vaccination ranged from 75.7% to 79.6%. This has increased sharply since the end of May 2021.
Across all four UK countries, there is a clear pattern between vaccination and COVID-19 antibodies
Modelled percentage of adults testing positive for antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, adults who have received one or more doses of a COVID-19 vaccine; and fully vaccinated adults, UK countries, 7 December 2020 to 20 June 2021
Modelled percentage of adults testing positive for antibodies, and percentage of vaccinated adults (XLSX, 38KB)
These statistics refer to antibody tests and vaccinations among people living in private households, and exclude those in hospitals, care homes and other institutional settings.
Our estimates of vaccination are provided for context alongside our antibodies estimates. The daily official government figures provide the actual numbers of vaccines issued.
North West and London had highest coronavirus death rate in 2020
6 July 2021
The North West was the region with the highest coronavirus (COVID-19) death rate in 2020, accounting for age and population structure, followed by London.
There were 73,766 deaths due to COVID-19 registered in 2020 in England and Wales, 12.1% of all deaths registered within the year.
Deaths “due” to COVID-19 are deaths where coronavirus is an underlying cause, as recorded on a death certificate.
Of deaths in hospital in 2020, nearly 1 in 5 (19.6%) were due to COVID-19. In care homes and communal establishments, deaths due to COVID-19 were 13.4% and 12.2% of deaths, respectively.
Of deaths registered in 2020, most people who died due to COVID-19 in England and Wales had a pre-existing health condition.
Most deaths due to COVID-19 in 2020 had a pre-existing condition mentioned on the death certificate
Proportion of pre-existing conditions mentioned on death certificates where the underlying cause was COVID-19, England and Wales, 2020
Source: Office for National Statistics – Deaths registered in England and Wales
- Figures exclude deaths of non-residents.
- Based on deaths registered in the calendar year.
- The International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition (ICD-10) definitions are as follows: Coronavirus (U07.1, U07.2 and U10.9).
Download this chart Most deaths due to COVID-19 in 2020 had a pre-existing condition mentioned on the death certificateImage .csv .xls
A small proportion (5.4%) of deaths registered as due to COVID-19 in 2020 were attributed to the disease after diagnosis based on symptoms without a test to confirm, or when a test result was inconclusive. This was rare after Spring 2020 and is likely because of limited availability of testing at the beginning of the pandemic.
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Economy, business and jobs
UK GDP grew by 0.8% in May 2021, primarily driven by the service sector
9 July 2021
Gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 0.8% in May 2021 as coronavirus restrictions continued to ease, with GDP now 3.1% below its pre-pandemic February 2020 levels. This was the fourth consecutive month of growth, albeit slower than in March (2.4%) and April (2.0%).
The services sector was the main contributor to the growth in GDP in May 2021. As lockdown restrictions eased through May, there was growth in consumer facing services such retail and hospitality. Having increased by 3.2% in May, consumer facing services are nearing their pre-pandemic levels.
Consumer facing services in May 2021 have recovered to their highest level since the start of the pandemic (February 2020)
Monthly index of services, February 2020 to May 2021, UK, February 2020 = 100
Source: Office for National Statistics – GDP monthly estimate
Download this chart Consumer facing services in May 2021 have recovered to their highest level since the start of the pandemic (February 2020)Image .csv .xls
The production sector grew by 0.8% in May 2021. The main driver of growth in the production sector was electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply which grew by 5.7% in May 2021. Meanwhile, the manufacturing sector remained flat.
The construction sector contracted by 0.8% in May 2021, following exceptionally strong growth in February and March, but it remains the only sector whose output is above its pre-pandemic level (February 2020). There were falls in repair and maintenance (1.6%), and new work (0.3%).
UK flight numbers in July 2021 at a third of the level seen in July 2019
8 July 2021
The seven-day average number of UK daily flights in the week ending 4 July 2021 was 2,126; around just a third of the level seen in the equivalent week of 2019.
This is an 8% increase from the previous week, according to data from EUROCONTROL, yet still far below the levels seen pre-pandemic. In 2019, the total number of flights from, to and within the UK ranged from approximately 5,000 per day in quieter months to over 6,500 per day in peak holiday season. After the Foreign and Commonwealth Office advised against all non-essential international travel (March 17 2020) and the UK first went into lockdown (March 23 2020), the number of flights fell to a record low of around 500 per day at the start of April 2020.
When lockdown measures began to ease in Summer 2020, flight numbers steadily increased. During July and August 2020, flight levels rose to nearly 3,000 per day (around 40% of the 2019 level) and then fell again in line with seasonal patterns until the usual increase prior to Christmas.
In early 2021, flight numbers remained steady at around 1,000 per day. Flights have since gradually increased from mid-May 2021 as the green list of countries was introduced (17 May 2021).
People and social impacts
Most report more social distancing than they perceive in others
9 July 2021
Most adults felt that compliance with social distancing measures and wearing a face-covering were “important” or “very important”. However, their perception of other people's compliance with social distancing was lower.
Around 9 in 10 (87%) thought it was important to socially distance from those not in their household, childcare or support bubble. However, only 23% of adults felt that other people often or always did so.
Just over 9 in 10 (91%) thought it was important to wear a face-covering while shopping and 87% said that they had seen either “everyone” or “almost everyone” doing so while shopping.
A higher proportion of adults said that compliance measures were important compared with their perception of other people's behaviours around compliance
Adults in Great Britain, 30 June to 4 July 2021
Source: Office for National Statistics – Opinions and Lifestyle Survey
- Adults "following these measures" refers to categories "always or often" or "everyone or almost everyone" to the relevant compliance questions.
Download this chart A higher proportion of adults said that compliance measures were important compared with their perception of other people's behaviours around complianceImage .csv .xls
Just under half (48%) met up indoors with someone not in their household, childcare or support bubble, while 58% met up outdoors. These proportions increased considerably as restrictions eased.
Almost all (96%) adults reported that they have now received or would be likely to accept a COVID-19 vaccine if offered. Of those aged 16 to 29 years, 90% reported positive vaccine sentiment, compared with 63% at the start of the vaccination programme in December 2020.
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