- Preliminary estimates of UK output per hour worked in Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2022 were 1.9% above their pre-coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic levels, but 0.1% lower than the same quarter a year ago.
- Preliminary estimates of UK output per worker were 0.3% above pre-coronavirus levels in Quarter 4 2022, but 0.3% lower than the same quarter a year ago.
The labour productivity flash estimate uses the latest labour market statistics and the gross value added (GVA) first quarterly estimates to provide the first look at UK productivity for Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2022.
The headline statistics we report compare UK productivity with average 2019 levels, pre-coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic levels, when productivity growth was not affected by furlough schemes.
|Output per hour worked growth rates||Output per worker growth rates|
|Period||Quarter vs 2019 pre-pandemic level (%)||Quarter-on-year ago (%)||Quarter-on-quarter (%)||Quarter vs 2019 pre-pandemic level (%)||Quarter-on-year ago (%)||Quarter-on-quarter (%)|
Download this table Table 1: The latest productivity statistics.xls .csv
Preliminary estimates of UK output per hour worked for Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2022 were 1.9% above their pre-coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic levels, because of a 1.6% decrease in the number of hours worked and an increase by 0.4% in gross value added (GVA) over that period.
Relative to a year earlier, Quarter 4 2021, output per hour worked decreased by 0.1% as GVA grew by 0.4%, while the number of hours worked grew by 0.6%.
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We also report output per worker as a measure of productivity. This is the ratio of total output relative to the number of workers.
Preliminary estimates of UK output per worker for Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2022 were 0.3% above their pre-coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic levels. This increase was driven by growth of 0.4% in gross value added (GVA) and no change in the number of workers over that period.
Output per worker decreased by 0.3%, compared with a year earlier, Quarter 4 2021, as the 0.8% growth in the number of workers exceeded the 0.4% growth in GVA.
UK output per hour worked increased by 0.3% in Quarter 4 2022, compared with the previous quarter, while output per worker fell by 0.2%. This divergence was caused by a quarterly increase in GVA by 0.1%, while the number of hours worked fell by 0.3% and the number of workers rose by 0.2%, respectively. Therefore, in Quarter 4 2022 more workers had undertaken fewer average hours worked.
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Flash productivity by section
Dataset | Released 14 February 2023
Flash estimates of labour productivity by section. The latest data from the gross domestic product (GDP) first quarterly estimate and labour market statistics.
An allocation effect represents changes in the mix of activities in the economy between firms or industries that have various levels of productivity. Resources moving from low to high productivity industries creates a positive allocation effect, while movement from high to low productivity industries creates a negative allocation effect.
Gross value added
The value generated by any unit engaged in production and the contributions of individual sectors or industries to gross domestic product.
The preferred measure of labour input is hours worked ("productivity hours"), but sometimes workers or jobs ("productivity jobs") are also used.
Labour productivity measures how many units of output are produced for each unit of labour input and is calculated by dividing output by labour input.
Output is measured by gross value added (GVA) in chained volume measures (CVM), which is an estimate of the volume of goods and services produced for final use by an industry, and in aggregate for the UK, after adjusting for price changes. It is calculated as turnover (sales) minus purchases (intermediate consumption).Back to table of contents
This release uses the first available information on output and labour input for Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2022. These data may be revised when we release our more detailed Productivity overview in April 2023.
This release uses gross value added (GVA) from the first gross domestic product (GDP) quarterly estimate to determine output. Labour market data are from the Labour market overview, UK: statistical bulletin. Estimates of the productivity time series for previous time periods have been revised and therefore may not be consistent with the Labour productivity National Statistics.
New estimates of GVA are more volatile on a quarterly basis, especially in production industries. This reflects the use of new data and methods, but also challenges in reconciling quarterly and annual data. As productivity is a structural feature of the economy, we continue to advise users to focus on long-term trends of productivity.
The population totals used for the latest Labour Force Survey (LFS) estimates use projected growth rates from Real Time Information data for UK, EU and non-EU populations based on 2021 patterns. The total population used for the LFS therefore does not account for any changes in migration, birth rates, death rates, and so on, since June 2021. As such any levels estimates may be under-or over-estimating the true values and should be used with caution. Estimates of rates will, however, be robust.
More details on the flash by industry methodology is described in the "Guidance" tab of our accompanying dataset.Back to table of contents
Office for National Statistics (ONS), released 14 February 2023, ONS website, article, UK productivity flash estimate: October to December 2022
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