This page contains data and analysis published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) from 6 to 10 April 2020. Go to our live page for the most up-to-date insights on COVID-19.

8 April 2020

Social support for vulnerable people

We have looked into how much people rely on social support and practical help from others.

Our analysis considers those most at risk of severe illness from the coronavirus (COVID-19), with data covering older adults and those with a disability (self-defined or Equality Act Disabled). Survey responses are from 2017 to 2018 and 2018 to 2019 (before the outbreak of COVID-19).

In 2017 to 2018, 29% of UK parents aged 70 years and over with a self-defined disability got their shopping from an adult child not living with them. This compares with 15% of all parents of adult children not living with them.

Meanwhile, around one in seven parents in a vulnerable group (aged 70 years or over or with a self-defined disability) had their meals regularly provided for them by an adult child outside their household.

8 April 2020

Population map

Using 2011 Census data, we have mapped the population of England and Wales down to a neighbourhood level, with a focus on older adults, those with long-term health conditions and those providing unpaid care to others.

Our data cannot be used to identify the numbers of people with the specific underlying health conditions in the government’s guidance, but it is possible to explore the number of people in local areas who report having “bad” or “very bad” health, those with long-term health conditions or disability, and people whose day-to-day activities are limited a lot.

To use our interactive map, enter a postcode or hover over the map. You can change the variable using the box on the right-hand side.

Embed code

  1. The data used to create this map do not allow individual people or households to be identified. Building groups are shaded to give a sense of the population density in an area.
  2. The data for those aged 70 years and over and 85 years and over are sourced from the Small area population estimates, while the remaining data are sourced from the 2011 Census.
  3. While the 2011 Census data are nine years old, they allow us to present the combinations of variables down to small areas. These variables will have changed, but the rate of change is likely to be slow.

Download the data

User requested data

We have been responding to data requests from the public, media and government during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Responses are published in our list of user requested data.

Recent requests for data cover topics such as people with long-term health conditions, those on zero-hours contracts and older people receiving practical help from family members. Some of the main insights include:

  • almost 38% of adults aged 16 years and over reported some kind of long-term health condition in 2019 (18.9 million people)
  • two-thirds (66%) of over-65s have a long-term health condition, equivalent to 30% of the total
  • of those aged 70 years and over in the UK, 15% live with someone of working age (16 to State Pension age); the highest rates are in the London boroughs of Lambeth (45%), Brent (44%) and Newham (40%)
  • under normal circumstances, 14% of over-70s in England receive help from a family member living in their household with tasks such as getting in and out of bed or shopping for food
  • between October and December 2019, 974,000 people were on a zero-hours contract, with 23% of these working in hotels and restaurants

Our subnational data page offers advice to anyone doing their own analysis on the impact of COVID-19. It contains useful links to geographic boundaries and datasets such as population by local area.