This page contains data and analysis published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) from 1 to 5 June 2020. Go to our live page for the most up-to-date insights on COVID-19.

5 June 2020

Deaths not involving COVID-19

Analysis of death registrations not involving COVID-19 provides a breakdown of the number of excess deaths and explores possible explanations for these deaths.

Between 7 March and 1 May 2020, a total of 130,009 deaths were registered across England and Wales. Because of the delay to analyse and validate a death certificate this article is based on 98.1% of the total deaths registered. This article focuses on the 43,903 excess death registrations compared with the five-year average, a quarter of which did not involve the coronavirus (COVID-19).

The largest increases in non-COVID-19 deaths compared with the five-year average are seen in deaths due to “dementia and Alzheimer disease” and “symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions”. Deaths due to dementia and Alzheimer disease comprise the largest major cause of death for the non-COVID-19 excess.

Deaths due to dementia and Alzheimer disease have greatly increased and to a greater extent than other causes since Week 13

The non-COVID-19 deaths as a percent of the five-year average for each underlying cause, England and Wales for deaths registered in Weeks 1 to 18 in 2020

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  1. Based on date a death was registered rather than occurred.
  2. All figures for 2020 are provisional.
  3. The ICD-10 definitions for the conditions plotted are: dementia and Alzheimer disease (F01, F03 and G30), ischaemic heart disease (I20 to I25), chronic lower respiratory disease J40 to J47), cerebrovascular diseases (I60 to I69), malignant neoplasm of the trachea, bronchus and lung (C33 to C34), influenza and pneumonia (J09 to J18), all respiratory diseases (J00 to J99), symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions (R00 to R99).

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The non-COVID-19 excess deaths occur predominantly in older age groups, to a greater extent with increasing age, and especially for the frail elderly with underlying conditions.

There are various factors that could contribute to non-COVID-19 excess deaths. The article examines five possible explanations in more detail, including whether COVID-19 may have been undiagnosed in some cases; and whether a delay in accessing or receiving healthcare has led to more deaths occurring.

3 June 2020

Hours worked

Analysis of the latest UK labour market statistics looks at which industries and workers have been most affected by the fall in total weekly hours worked, between January to March 2019 and January to March 2020.

There has been a reduction in average hours worked across all industries, and it is the accommodation and food services industry which has seen the largest loss, at 11.5%. A previous ONS study highlights that only 10% of the workforce in this industry ever worked from home during 2019.

Amongst different age groups, the largest fall in actual hours was experienced by young workers aged 16 to 24 years. Accommodation and food services is the second-largest industry for this age group, with 16.3% of young people employed in this field.


  • Analysis of death registrations not involving coronavirus (COVID-19), England and Wales

    Examines death registrations not involving coronavirus (COVID-19), to understand the apparent increase in deaths compared to the previous five-year average for deaths in the same weeks. Explores explanations for why a greater number of deaths not involving COVID-19 are observed.

  • Labour market economic analysis, quarterly

    Economic analysis of the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on hours worked and vacancies, based on the UK labour market headline statistics published in May 2020.