- During the third national lockdown in England, young people in the most deprived areas were less likely to report that their school had provided real-time online learning (81%) compared with those in least deprived areas (93%); a gap emerged in this period, with no differences found across deprivation groups during the first national lockdown.
- A higher proportion of young people living in the most deprived areas reported that they had fallen behind their classmates because of disruption caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic (42%), compared with those in the least deprived areas (26%).
- Young people in the most deprived areas were less likely to report feeling unmotivated and struggling to engage with studies or work during the first and third lockdowns (61% and 54%, respectively) compared with those in the least deprived areas (70% and 61%, respectively).
- More than a quarter (27%) of young people agreed that their school, employer, or training provider was providing additional support to help them catch up on lost learning during the pandemic, with those living in the most deprived areas being more likely to report this (31%) compared with those living in the least deprived areas (23%).
- Around 7 in 10 (71%) young people said they were very or fairly likely to apply to go to university to do a degree; rates were lower for those living in the most deprived areas of England (65%) compared with those living in the least deprived areas (77%).
- A higher proportion of students in the most deprived areas of England reported that they would most likely be looking for work or unemployed (10%), doing an apprenticeship or similar training (19%) or in a full-time job (17%) in two years’ time, compared with those in the least deprived areas (6%, 15% and 9%, respectively).
Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI)
Deprivation is measured using the Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI). This measures the proportion of all children aged 0 to 15 years living in income deprived families.
It is a subset of the Income Deprivation Domain that measures the proportion of the population in an area experiencing deprivation relating to low income. The definition of low income used includes both those people that are out-of-work, and those that are in work but who have low earnings (and who satisfy the respective means tests).
"Most deprived" includes the 20% most deprived Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOAs) in England, while "Least deprived" includes the 20% least deprived LSOAs in England. For more information, see the English indices of deprivation 2019.
This article presents a summary of results, with further data including confidence intervals for the estimates shown in the charts presented contained in the associated datasets. Where comparisons between groups are presented, 95% confidence intervals should be used to assess the statistical significance of the change.Back to table of contents
COVID Social Mobility and Opportunities (COSMO) study
This article uses data from the first wave of the COVID Social Mobility and Opportunities (COSMO) study. This study was run in collaboration between University College London (UCL)’s Centre for Education Policy and Equalising Opportunities (CEPEO) and Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS), the Sutton Trust and Kantar Public.
The study made use of a representative sample of around 13,000 young people in England who were in Year 11 in the 2020 to 2021 academic year, and therefore studying for their GCSEs during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
The data collection for the first wave was carried out between September 2021 and March 2022, predominantly online, with a subset of web survey non-respondents invited to take part in person.
Survey weights were applied to ensure the estimates were representative of the population of interest (young people in Year 11 in the 2020 to 2021 academic year) and could be generalised.
Weights were required to account for the disproportionate sample design and non-response.
More information on the survey weighting can be found in the COSMO Data User Guide (PDF, 975KB).Back to table of contents
Office for National Statistics (ONS), released 2 June 2023, ONS website, article, Deprivation inequalities in the experiences of GCSE students during coronavirus (COVID-19), England: September 2021 to March 2022
Contact details for this Article
Telephone: +44 1633 456114