• age at death is broken down into: early neonatal (under 7 days), neonatal (under 28 days), late neonatal (between 7 and 27 days), postnatal (between 28 days and 1 year), infant (under 1 year) and childhood (between 1 and 15 years)

  • births and deaths of usual residents of England and Wales that are registered elsewhere are excluded

  • replaced the annual publication Mortality Statistics: Childhood, Infant and Perinatal (DH3) in 2010

  • data are published annually approximately 13 months after the end of the reference year

  • time series of child birth and death registrations data available back to 1921

Child mortality statistics presents figures and rates on stillbirths, infant deaths (under 1 year of age) and childhood deaths (between 1 and 15 years of age) occurring annually in England and Wales. The data also include additional characteristics collected at birth registration, such as birth weight, mother’s age at birth of child, mother’s country of birth, mother’s marital status, parity (number of previous children) and socio-economic status.

Child mortality statistics are extracted from a ‘live’ database of all deaths registered in England and Wales that have occurred since 1 January 1993. We maintain this database and it is continually updated and amended as further information becomes available.

More information about the processes used in the compilation of mortality and birth statistics and on the accuracy and quality of the data used are available in mortality metadata and births metadata.

The Department of Health is one of the main users of child mortality statistics. Previously, DH has used this report with other analysis that we have carried out, to monitor the Public Service Agreement target on infant mortality for England and Wales. Other users of these statistics include academics, independent researchers of infant mortality, charities and the media.

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