The annual rate of growth for the Services Producer Price Index (SPPI) was 1.4% in Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2018, down from 1.7% in Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2018.
The price of services sold by UK companies rose 0.2% in Quarter 2 2018, down from 0.6% in Quarter 1 2018.
Professional, scientific and technical activities provided the largest upward contribution to the annual rate.
Information and communication services provided the largest upward contribution to the quarterly rate.
A number of improvements to SPPIs will be introduced from the next release in October 2018. These include changing the scope of the survey to measure business-to-all activity, instead of business to business, as well as expanding the survey coverage to the whole of the UK. All of these changes are described in the November 2016 article Improvements to the Import and Export Price Indices (IPI and EPI) and Services Producer Price Indices (SPPI). The SIC four-digit indices within this second round of improvements are: 52.1, 52.24, 52.29, 58.1, 74.2, 74.3, 77.32, 78, 81.22, 82.1, 82.92, 85.59 and 96.01. The next round of improvements will be announced in 2019.
The Services Producer Price Indices (SPPI) provide a measure of inflation for the UK services sector. It is constructed from a statutory quarterly survey, which measures changes in the price of services provided to UK-based customers for a range of industries. Individual SPPIs are available, which provide information on price change for a selection of services industries. These individual price indices are also aggregated together to create a services industry SPPI with limited coverage (it does not provide full coverage of the “services sector”).
The services sector is estimated to account for around 80% of the UK economy based on its weight in gross domestic product (GDP). We do not produce an index for every industry in the services sector and so the SPPI is a partial, best, estimate of the overall inflation to UK businesses in the services sector. The SPPIs presented in this statistical bulletin are estimated to represent 59% of the total services sector at industry level. The SPPI's coverage of the services sector at standard industrial classification (SIC) class, division and section level is available in the SPPI user guidance and methodology article.
As resources allow, we will continue to review the existing indices and expand coverage through developing indices for new industries. As such, the SPPI will change composition from time to time but will always remain our best estimate of inflation in the UK services sector. You should consider that coverage may change over time when deciding which indices best meet your needs.
The figures presented in this statistical bulletin are considered provisional for the latest two quarters and may be revised as late data are received.
All figures presented in this statistical bulletin are calculated on a gross sector basis unless otherwise stated and all index numbers exclude Value Added Tax (VAT). None of the indices presented in this bulletin are seasonally adjusted.
Every five years, SPPIs are rebased and their weights updated to reflect changes in industry.Back to table of contents
The Services Producer Price Index (SPPI) has reported positive growth for most of the period across the past 10 years (Figure 1). During the economic downturn, SPPI annual growth fell from 3.7% in Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2008 to a negative 1.6% in Quarter 3 (July to Sept) 2009, before returning to more typical growth for the remainder of the period. Since a return to positive growth in Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2010, the annual rate has averaged 1.1%. The annual inflation rate in the latest quarter was above the average for the period, at 1.4%.
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The Services Producer Price Index (SPPI) rose 1.4% on the year to Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2018, down from an increase of 1.7% on the year to Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2018 (Table 1). The price of services sold by UK companies increased 0.2% between Quarter 1 2018 and Quarter 2 2018.
The annual rate has remained positive since Quarter 1 2010, whilst the quarterly rate has remained positive for six consecutive quarters.
Table 1: Services Producer Prices, UK: Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2018
|SPPI Index (2010=100)||1-Quarter||12-months||Change in the 12-month rate (percentage points)|
|Source: Office for National Statistics|
|1. Q1 refers to Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar), Q2 refers to Quarter 2 (Apr to June), Q3 refers to Quarter 3 (July to Sept) and Q4 refers to Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec).|
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Of the 10 sections (as defined by the Standard Industrial Classification 2007: SIC 2007) that are combined to form the Services Producer Price Index (SPPI), eight showed annual price increases. Only prices for accommodation and food services and education services are lower now than they were in Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2017 (Table 2). Eight industries showed quarterly price increases, with only professional, scientific and technical activities falling since Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2018.
Water supply, sewerage and waste management showed the largest price increase on the year to Quarter 2 2018 at 4.7% (Table 2). The annual rate was driven by sorted materials recovery services, where prices increased 13.4% on the year.
After two consecutive quarterly decreases, accommodation and food showed a positive growth of 0.7% in Quarter 2 2018. This was the largest price increase across all the service groups for this quarter. The growth in this sector is largely as a result of licensed hotels and motels, where prices increased 1.0% on the quarter, due to seasonal trends.
Table 2: Services Producer Price Inflation, 1-quarter and 12-month percentage change to Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2018
|Service group||Percentage change|
|Water supply, sewerage and waste management||0.5||4.7|
|Repair and maintenance of motor vehicles||0.6||3.3|
|Transportation and storage||0.1||2.1|
|Accommodation and food||0.7||-2.9|
|Information and communication||0.4||1.5|
|Real estate activities||0.4||2.3|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||-0.1||1.7|
|Administrative and support services||0.4||1.0|
|Source: Office for National Statistics|
|1. The section level SPPIs are an aggregate of individual industry level SPPIs (excluding Financial Intermediation) published in the SPPI Statistical Bulletin. They do not provide full coverage of the service sector.|
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Professional, scientific and technical activities provided the largest upward contribution to the annual rate of 1.4%, contributing 0.49 percentage points (Figure 2). Prices for professional, scientific and technical activities rose 1.7% over the year (Table 2). The main drivers to the increase in the price came from accountancy and legal services, which rose 4.9% and 3.6% respectively on the year.
Transportation and storage services provided the second-largest upward contribution to the annual rate (0.39 percentage points). The 12-month rate increased 2.1% in Quarter 2 2018, down from 2.4% in Quarter 1 2018, but remains above this sector average annual growth of 1.6% since 2010. Business air fares were the main contributor to the annual rate, probably driven by recent rises in the price of crude oil.
Information and communication services was the main contributor to the quarterly rate of 0.2%, contributing 0.08 percentage points (Figure 2). Prices within the industry increased 0.4% between Quarter 1 2018 and Quarter 2 2018, driven mainly by prices for book publishing services. Book publishing services increased 1.4% on the quarter; quarterly price growth has been positive since Quarter 1 2010.
The second-largest contribution to the quarterly rate came from administrative and support services (0.05 percentage points). Security services was the main driver to the rate, with prices increasing 1.7% between Quarter 1 2018 and Quarter 2 2018; the joint highest quarter on quarter movement since 2006. A reported factor potentially influencing the growth in this sector was the increase to the national living wage, which resulted in price reviews passed onto clients.
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The Services Producer Price Indices (SPPI) Quality and Methodology information report contains important information on:
the strengths and limitations of the data and how it compares with related data
uses and users of the data
how the output was created
the quality of the output including the accuracy of the data
If you would like more information about the reliability of the data, the latest SPPI standard errors were published on 4 December 2017. The article presents calculated standard errors for the period between Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2016 and Quarter 3 (July to Sept) 2017, for both quarter-on-quarter and 12-month growth. A previous SPPI standard errors article presents the calculated standard errors for the period Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2012 to Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2016.
Guidance on using indices in indexation clauses (2015) has been published. It covers producer prices, services producer prices and consumer prices.
Detailed information on the methods used to compile the SPPI is available in the SPPI manual.Back to table of contents
Contact details for this Statistical bulletin
Telephone: +44 (0)1633 456907