Aim of this survey

The Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), carried out in April each year, is the most comprehensive source of information on the structure and distribution of earnings in the UK. ASHE provides information about the levels, distribution and make-up of earnings and paid hours worked for employees in all industries and occupations. The ASHE tables contain estimates of earnings for employees by sex and full-time or part-time status. Further breakdowns include by region, occupation, industry, age group and public or private sector.

These breakdowns are available for the following variables:

  • gross weekly pay
  • weekly pay excluding overtime
  • basic pay including other pay
  • overtime pay
  • gross hourly pay
  • hourly pay excluding overtime
  • gross annual pay
  • annual incentive pay
  • total paid hours
  • basic paid hours
  • paid overtime hour

Information you need

To complete the survey, you will need the following information:

  • a breakdown of the selected employees' earnings, paid hours and pension arrangements
  • personnel information, such as job title, employment start date and annual leave entitlement

All information you provide is strictly confidential.

Survey information

Selection criteria: ASHE is based on a 1% sample of employee jobs taken from HM Revenue and Customs’ (HMRC’s) Pay As You Earn (PAYE) records

Population: employee jobs registered with HMRC’s PAYE

Sample: approximately 300,000

Frequency: annually

Dispatch dates: the second week of April

Return-by date: the second week of May; a specific date will be on the survey

Dispatch and return-by dates are subject to change due to national holidays and weekends.

Why you have received this survey

The sample for ASHE includes specific employees who are members of PAYE Income Tax schemes and it is essential for that sample to remain as stable as possible. Consequently, once a National Insurance number is selected, a questionnaire will be issued in respect of that employee, irrespective of the employer.

The ASHE is conducted under the provisions of the Statistics of Trade Act 1947. Once selected, your business is legally obliged to comply. You cannot appeal your selection or the method of survey completion.

How to complete this survey

Please complete and submit your data following the guidelines provided on your questionnaire(s).

Some businesses can now complete the survey online based on the number of employees that are selected. If you are selected, you will receive an enrolment letter with instructions on how to access the questionnaire.

If you are selected to complete the survey via a Secure Electronic File Transfer (SEFT) spreadsheet, then you must use the template for your ASHE return. If you return the data in a different format, it will be returned to you to amend and re-submit.

The template is available in the “Related download” section on the right-hand side of this page. Reminders are issued automatically, so you may receive one if you submit data just before or after the return date.

How to find out more information

You can call us on +44 (0)300 1234 938. Please contact us on +44 (0)300 1234 921 if you would like to speak to someone in Welsh.

Er mwyn gwneud cais am ffurflen Gymraeg: +44 (0)300 1234 921