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Subnational statistics help us understand the unique strengths and opportunities of our local area. However, no single number can capture the complex reality we live in and experience.

You can use this interactive tool to explore a basket of subnational indicators and find out how your local authority compares with others across the UK. All the data are already publicly available and links to the original data sources can be found in the data dictionary, within the downloadable dataset.

The tool covers a core set of indicators grouped in two broad categories: "boosting productivity, pay, jobs and living standards", and "spreading opportunity and improving public services". This aligns with some of the metrics selected to measure the progress of levelling up, where data are available.

It brings together in one place a selection of metrics for which data are available at local authority level, promoting transparency and making it easy for users to access and visualise, while linking back to the original publicly available data sources.

Listening to your feedback on the first iteration, the accompanying dataset and the data download now also include data at regional, country and UK level, where available and methodologically comparable.

We will continue to enrich the tool with more indicators and your feedback will help us shape its content and functionalities in future. You can think of it as the first step towards an Explore Subnational Statistics service.

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Data for the subnational data explorer (CSV, 1.56MB)

Last updated on 10 May 2022

  • Inclusion of two new indicators: Gross disposable household income per head, and Pupils at expected standards by end of primary school.
  • Expanded the geographies included, adding regional, country and UK-level data, where methodologically comparable; see data inclusivity tab in the downloadable file for an extensive list of indicators with higher-level geographies reported.
  • The indicator representing Employment rate for 16- to 64-year-olds has been updated, referencing the most recent period, January 2021 to December 2021; to ensure valid comparisons, employment rate data for Council Areas in Northern Ireland have been omitted, as the most recent time period differs from that of Great Britain, please see data inclusivity tab in the downloadable file for the reference to Northern Ireland’s employment data.
  • Where applicable and available, the confidence intervals of indicators have been included in the downloadable file, stating the level of confidence for each.

Notes

  1. This interactive tool will be updated on a quarterly basis. The data displayed will not always match the most recent version of the related data source where new data become available in-between updates.

  2. This second iteration of our interactive tool shows 23 subnational indicators. Data for four more indicators are available in the accompanying dataset and in the data download. These are: Apprenticeship starts; Apprenticeship completions; 4G coverage; New houses. Please refer to the metadata in the accompanying dataset for details on years covered and geographical coverage of each indicator, and for links to the original data sources.

  3. The polarity of the indicator determines whether the lowest or highest value is positioned on the left-hand side of the jitter plot. The jitter plot presents the indicators so that "worse than the median" are on the left, and "better than the median" are on the right regardless of the value itself (for example, a high percentage of smoking adults is presented on the left-hand side). The indicators for which higher values are shown on the left are: Public transport or walk to employment centre with 500 to 4,999 jobs; Cycle to employment centre with 500 to 4,999 jobs; Drive to employment centre with 500 to 4,999 jobs; Cigarette smokers; Overweight children at reception age; Overweight adults; Anxiety.

  4. Because of methodological differences, data for 14 indicators (three of which not displayed) are included for England only and three indicators are included for Great Britain, rather than for the whole of the UK. We are continuing to work with colleagues in the devolved administrations to improve the comparability of indicators at UK level where possible, while acknowledging the devolved nature of some policy areas.

  5. Employment rate for 16- to 64-year-olds data have been updated to 2021 for Great Britain. To ensure comparability, data for Council Areas in Northern Ireland have been omitted from this iteration, as not yet available for 2021. Please refer to the NISRA website for 2020 employment rate data for Northern Ireland.

  6. Our interactive tool is built on 2021 lower tier local authorities (local authority districts and unitary authorities). Where the underlying data are not available for 2021 boundaries, data points for local authorities that recently underwent changes will not appear in the interactive tool but will be available in the accompanying dataset and in the data download.

  7. Data for seven indicators are only published for upper tier local authorities (counties and unitary authorities) and not for lower tier local authorities (local authority districts and unitary authorities). For example, 16 indicators will appear in the interactive tool for Fareham, however, the other seven will be available for Hampshire in the accompanying dataset and in the data download. These are: Female healthy life expectancy; Male healthy life expectancy; Early years communication; Early years literacy; Early years maths; Pupils at expected standards by end of primary school; Schools and nurseries rated good or outstanding.

  8. In line with the original data sources, data for Isles of Scilly and City of London are not available for several indicators. Please refer to the original data sources to learn more about the reasons for excluding them.

  9. Confidence intervals have been added in the accompanying dataset where available in the original data source. These include: Employment rate for 16- to 64-year-olds; Male and Female healthy life expectancy; Cigarette smokers; Overweight children and adults; Life satisfaction, Feeling life is worthwhile, Happiness and Anxiety.

Using the tool

Select your local authority from the dropdown menu to see how it compares with others in the UK on a range of different indicators. Your local authority will be shown as a dot above a cloud of points that represent the distribution of scores. Its distance from the centre line indicates how far above or below the median local authority it is, in other words, how different your local authority is from the average local authority for that indicator.

If the score of the chosen local authority for a given indicator is notably different (more than one standard deviation) from the score of the median local authority, that indicator is classified as "better than the median" or "worse than the median" for the chosen local authority.

This categorisation is meant to give you a simple headline for your local authority. We acknowledge it will not be always satisfactory to all users, as some of these indicators can be interpreted differently by different users.

You can compare your local authority with up to three additional local authorities by clicking on "Select areas to compare". To view the actual values for each chosen local authority just scroll down to the table at the bottom of the page.

Methodology

To position each local authority within the cloud of local authorities, we used a robust measure of statistical dispersion called the median absolute deviation (MAD). We preferred the MAD to the mean absolute deviation as outliers have a smaller effect on the median than they do on the mean.

To compute the MAD for a specific indicator, first calculate the median of all values at local authority level for that indicator. Second, subtract the median from each value and get the absolute values. Finally, calculate the median of the median absolute deviations obtained from the previous step and multiply this by 1.4826. This constant is linked to the assumption of normality of the data.

The distance of each local authority from the centre line (the local authority with the median value in the distribution) is equivalent to the difference between the value of the chosen local authority and the value of the median local authority, divided by the MAD. We consider the resulting score to be positive or negative if the score is at least one MAD above or below the median. Usually, a score is considered to be significantly different from the median score if it is at least two MADs above or below the median.

Where the score of a local authority is more than 7.5 MADs above or below the score of the median local authority, the local authority is shown at the end of the scale and its position is not fully representative of its score.

Last updated on 10 May 2022

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