Table of contents
1. Main points
- As of 28 February 2022, 74.5% of adults aged 18 to 64 years who were employed had received three coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccinations and 7.2% were unvaccinated.
- The occupation groups that had the highest proportion of people who had received three vaccinations were health professionals (84.7%) and teaching and other educational professionals (83.6%); these groups also had the lowest proportion of people who had not received a vaccine at 3.1% and 4.2% respectively.
- The occupation groups with the lowest proportion of people who had received three vaccinations were elementary trades and related occupations (57.6%) and skilled construction and building trades (61.8%); these groups also had the highest proportion of people who had not received a vaccine at 15.1% and 12.7% respectively.
- Within occupation groups, there was large variation in vaccination coverage between occupations; for example, within the health professionals group, 93.3% of specialist medical practitioners had received three vaccinations, compared with 71.9% of therapy professionals not elsewhere classified.
- The industry sections with the highest proportion of people who had received three vaccinations were public administration and defence; compulsory social security (81.9%) and professional, scientific and technical activities (81.0%).
- The industry sections with the lowest proportion of people who had received three vaccinations were accommodation and food service activities (61.7%) and construction (66.2%).
- The differences in vaccination status between occupation groups and industry sections did not appear to be driven by differences in geography, socio-demographic characteristics and underlying health conditions, as the rankings largely remained unchanged after adjusting for these factors.
Vaccination rates are produced using the Office for National Statistics Public Health Data Asset, which covers only a subset of the population (see Measuring the data). Data may differ from weekly administrative vaccination data published by NHS England.Back to table of contents
Standard Occupational Classification
The Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) is a common classification of occupational information, in which jobs are classified by their skill level and content. SOC 2020 is the current classification.
Standard Industrial Classification
The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) is used to classify businesses by the type of economic activity they are engaged in. SIC 2007 is the current classification.Back to table of contents
7. Measuring the data
Under strict security protocol, we linked vaccination data from the National Immunisation Management System (NIMS) to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Public Health Data Asset (PHDA) and a de-identified extract of Census 2021.
The ONS PHDA is a unique linked dataset combining the 2011 Census, the General Practice Extraction Service (GPES) data for pandemic planning and research, and the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES). We retrieved NHS numbers for 94.6% of 2011 Census participants, using the 2011 to 2013 NHS Patient Registers. All subsequent linkages were based on NHS numbers.
In addition, we updated the information on occupation and industry in the PHDA by using an extract from Census 2021, with all personal information removed to protect security and confidentiality. We retrieved NHS numbers for 82.1% of Census 2021 participants, using the Personal Demographics Service (PDS).
The study population consisted of people who were:
- aged 18 to 64 years
- alive on 28 February 2022 and resident in England
- registered with a general practitioner (GP) in 2019
- enumerated at the 2011 Census and Census 2021
- working and reported employment information
Our dataset contains 15,546,650 people, which amounts to 60.1% of the population of people employed, based on estimates from the Annual Population Survey. The dataset used in this study is not fully representative of the population living in England. People who did not take part in the 2011 Census and Census 2021, such as recent migrants, are not included in these calculations. In addition, some people enumerated at the 2011 Census and Census 2021 are not included, because no NHS number could be obtained for them.
These data only include third coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccinations that were received from 16 September 2021 onwards. Third vaccination may refer to a booster vaccination or a third dose vaccination received as part of the primary course.
Occupation and industry section were derived from an extract of Census 2021. Occupation was classified according to the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 2020. We have used SOC 2020 sub-major occupation groups and unit group occupations, referred to as occupation groups and occupations, respectively, throughout this release. Industry section was classified according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 2007. Occupation and industry section were recorded on 21 March 2021, and information for some individuals may have changed since then.
The NIMS data covered the period 8 December 2020 to 28 February 2022. However, there may be an additional lag in data reporting, therefore it is possible we have not captured all vaccinations that were received by 28 February 2022.
The age-standardised proportions presented are annualised directly age-standardised rates per 100 people, represented as a percentage. This is the number of people who have received a vaccination divided by the population for the relevant time period, standardised to the European Standard Population, multiplied by 100.Back to table of contents
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