Civil Service employment on 31 March 2015 was 439,323, down 619 (0.1%) on 31 March 2014. On a full-time equivalent basis, Civil Service employment was 405,573, down by 211 (0.1%) over the same period
The number of full-time civil servants fell by 4,996 (1.5%) to 327,696 between 31 March 2014 and 31 March 2015. The number of civil servants working part-time increased by 4,377 to 111,627 (4.1%)
Of those employees who declared their ethnicity, 10.6% were from an ethnic minority – an increase of 0.5 percentage points from 2014
Of those who declared their disability status, 8.9% were disabled
Nearly half (49%) of all employees leaving the Civil Service were from the Administrative responsibility level. The administrative level makes up just less than 40% of the Civil Service
More than 82% of civil servants were aged 30 to 59. The number of civil servants aged 60 or above was 36,509, an increase of 728 from 31 March 2014. The number of civil servants aged 65 and over increased by 279 (3.6%) from 31 March 2014
Median gross annual earnings (excluding overtime or one-off bonuses) for Civil Service employees were £24,980 in March 2015, an increase of £250 (1.0%) on March 2014
This bulletin contains an overview of Civil Service employment statistics on 31 March 2015 in context with statistics from previous years. The earliest available data on a consistent basis are for 31 March 2008. Data prior to this were collected for different reference dates in the year. There were also changes in coverage prior to 2008. Longer time series for total Civil Service employment are available from the Public Sector Employment release. The latest published statistics are for Quarter 2 (April to June) 2015 when Civil Service employment was 431,100 (397,850 on a full-time equivalent basis).
The release counts all home Civil Service employees. It excludes the Northern Ireland Civil Service, other Crown servants and employees of the wider public sector. There are home Civil Service employees based in Northern Ireland and Overseas.
Statistics are presented on a range of factors including working pattern, gender, ethnicity, disability status, earnings and location of the Civil Service workforce.Back to table of contents
Civil Service employment has fallen by 0.1%, to 439,323, between 31 March 2014 and 31 March 2015. A fall in full-time staff of 4,996 was almost offset by an increase of 4,377 in part-time staff.
The Administrative responsibility level showed the largest decrease in employment with a fall of 5.8%. The number of employees working at the Grade 6 and 7 responsibility levels increased by 4.6%. There was an increase of 1.7% at the Senior Civil Service level and an increase of 1.5% in the number of Senior and Higher Executive Officers. The number of Executive Officers fell by 3.1%.
There were increases in employment in all age bands except the 40 to 49 age band, where employment fell by 7,180 (5.3%).
The number of civil servants increased in Yorkshire and The Humber (1.1%), West Midlands (2.4%), London (2.8%), and civil servants overseas (4.6%). All other regions showed a decrease in employment.
There were 6,413 more leavers from the Civil Service than entrants between 31 March 2014 and 31 March 2015. The majority of leavers (48.9%) were at the Administrative responsibility level. The majority of entrants (55.5%) were also at the Administrative responsibility level.
The Senior Civil Service responsibility level had 38.7% female employees, up one percentage point on 31 March 2014. There were also fewer women than men in the Grades 6 and 7 and Senior and Higher Executive Officer responsibility levels, but for each of these responsibility levels the proportion of women in them increased from last year to this year.
There were more women than men in the Executive Officer and Administrative responsibility levels.
Of those who declared their ethnicity, 10.6% of civil servants were from an ethnic minority on 31 March 2015. Of those who declared their disability status, 8.9% of civil servants were disabled.
The median earnings of Civil Service employees increased by £250 (1.0%) over the year to 31 March 2015, to £24,980.Back to table of contents
At 31 March 2015, there were 439,323 civil servants, down 619 (0.1%) on 31 March 2014. There was a decrease in the number of civil servants working full-time, of 4,996 (1.5%) to 327,696 compared with 31 March 2014. There was an increase of 4,377 (4.1%) in the number of part-time civil servants, to 111,627.
At 31 March 2015, around 38% of the Civil Service worked at the Administrative responsibility level, 25% worked at the Executive Officer level, 23% worked at Higher or Senior Executive Officer level and 9% worked at Grade 6 or 7 level. The remaining 1% worked at Senior Civil Service level with 3% in the ‘not reported’ category.
Employment increased in the Senior Civil Service responsibility level by 84 (1.7%), by 1,748 (4.6%) at the Grade 6 and 7 responsibility level and by 1,481(1.5%) in the Senior and Higher Executive Officer responsibility level.
Employment decreased by 3,611 (3.1%) in the Executive Officer responsibility level and by 10,410 (5.8%) in the Administrative responsibility level.
At 31 March 2015, 54% of all Civil Service employees were female.
The proportion of females working at Senior Civil Service level on 31 March 2015 was 38.7%, an increase of 1.0 percentage points from 31 March 2014 and 5.9 percentage points on 31 March 2009. The proportion of female Grade 6 and 7s has been steadily increasing, from 39.4% on 31 March 2009 to 43.6% on 31 March 2015.
Gender and age
More than four in five civil servants were in the 30 to 59 age group on 31 March 2015. Since 31 March 2014 there has been a decrease in employment in age band 40 to 49. There have been increases in all other age bands. There were more females than males in the 20 to 29, 30 to 39, 40 to 49 and 50 to 59 age bands. There were more males than females in the other age bands.
There were 43,623 Civil Service employees in Scotland, 30,801 in Wales and 3,664 in Northern Ireland on 31 March 2015.
The English region with the highest number of civil servants on 31 March 2015 was London with 79,021 employees. The lowest was the East Midlands with 20,083.
There were increases in the number of civil servants in London, Yorkshire and the Humber, West Midlands and overseas. All other regions showed decreases. The largest percentage increase (excluding overseas) between 31 March 2014 and 31 March 2015 was in London at 2.8%. The regions with the largest percentage decreases in Civil Service employment between 31 March 2014 and 31 March 2015 were Northern Ireland (7.7%) and the South West (1.7%).
Entrants and Leavers
A total of 41,796 employees left the Civil Service between 31 March 2014 and 31 March 2015. During the same period, 35,383 people joined the Civil Service. Employees at the Administrative responsibility level accounted for 55% of entrants compared with 49% of leavers.
For all responsibility levels there were fewer entrants than there were leavers between 31 March 2014 and 31 March 2015. However, this year it was not possible to attribute a civil service grade to 10,407 entrants, which causes interpretation issues for the numbers shown by responsibility level. The large number of entrants for which an entrant grade was not known was largely caused by the transfer into the National Offender Management Service of around 9,000 employees from Probation Trusts who were unable to report Civil Service grade equivalency.
Of the Civil Service employees in March 2015 who declared their ethnicity, 10.6% were from an ethnic minority, an increase of 0.5 percentage points on March 2014.
At March 2015, 12.0% of employees at Executive Officer responsibility level and 11.0% at Administrative responsibility level were from an ethnic minority. In comparison, 7.1% of those at the Senior Civil Service level were from an ethnic minority, a decrease of 0.2 percentage points from March 2014. All other responsibility levels showed an increase in the proportion of ethnic minority employees from last year to this year.
In March 2015, 8.9% of civil servants who declared their disability status were disabled, an increase of 0.1 percentage points compared with March 2014. The proportion of employees with a declared disability was greater in lower responsibility levels. At the Administrative responsibility level, 9.8% of employees who declared their disability status were disabled. This compares with 4.5% of employees at Senior Civil Service level.
At 31 March 2015, 45% of civil servants with a declared national identity declared themselves as British or Mixed British. Employees alternatively declared themselves as English (38%), Scottish (8%), Welsh (6%) or Irish (1%). The remaining 3% recorded another national identity.
The median gross salary of civil servants on 31 March 2015 was £24,980, an increase of £250 on the median salary on 31 March 2014. Employees overseas had the highest median earnings of £39,940, followed by employees in London (£31,580). The regions with the lowest median earnings were North East (£19,970), Northern Ireland (£22,670), North West (£22,960), Scotland (£23,140) and Wales (£23,200). The increase in median pay should be considered alongside the compositional impact on the make-up of the civil service workforce by responsibility level, whereby the number of employees working at the Administrative level decreased by over 10,000, while there were increases in employment for the Senior Civil Service level, Grades 6 and 7, and Senior Executive and Higher Executive Officers.
The gender pay gap for all employees, calculated as the difference between the median pay for males and females, fell from 13.6% in March 2014 to 12.8% in March 2015. This measure depends on the pay of part-time employees being converted to full-time equivalent salaries. The gender pay gap for full-time employees fell from 11.0% to 9.8%, and increased from 14.2% to 15.7% for part-time employees. For the ‘all employees’ category the largest gender pay gap is for the Senior Civil Service level at 4.9%. The Administrative responsibility level has the smallest gender pay gap at 0.5%.
Reconciliation of Annual and Quarterly Civil Service Employment Statistics (Table 11)
This statistical bulletin presents a range of statistics for the year ending 31 March 2015, based on findings from the Annual Civil Service Employment Survey (ACSES).
ONS also collects and publishes quarterly Civil Service employment statistics as part of the Public Sector Employment (PSE) statistical bulletin. These quarterly statistics should be used when seeking to measure the size of the Civil Service over time. The latest published statistics are for Q2 2015 when Civil Service employment was 431,100 (397,850 on a full-time equivalent basis).
The difference between the ACSES and 2015 Q1 (January to March) PSE figures, which use the same reference date, is less than 0.1% headcount and less than 0.1% for full-time equivalents.
Table 11 provides a full breakdown of the differences between the two sources by department.Back to table of contents
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