Consumer trends, UK: October to December 2022

Household final consumption expenditure (HHFCE) for the UK, as a measure of economic growth. Includes all spending on goods and services by members of UK households.

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Release date:
31 March 2023

Next release:
30 June 2023

1. Main points

  • In Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2022, household spending growth (adjusted for inflation) was positive 0.2% compared with Quarter 3 (Jul to Sept) 2022; when compared with Quarter 4 2021, household spending increased by positive 1.4%.
  • The main contributions to positive growth in Quarter 4 2022 were from tourism, transport, and housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels.
  • When compared with Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2019 (pre-coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic), household spending decreased by negative 2.3%.
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3. Measuring the data

The quarterly consumer trends data are typically published around 90 days after the end of the quarter.

This release contains data that are consistent with the UK National Accounts, The Blue Book: 2022, released on 31 October 2022. As such, data for all periods within this release are subject to revision in line with the National Accounts Revisions Policy.

The Blue Book is the UK's annual compendium of national accounts data and incorporates a number of improvements to methods and sources into the UK's National Accounts. Details of improvements introduced in Blue Book 2022, which affect household expenditure and revisions to the previous publication, can be found in our User guide to consumer trends.

The reference year and last base year for all chained volume measure estimates is 2019.

Further information on latest developments and changes implemented in Blue Book 2022 can be found in our Proposed changes to be implemented in Blue Book and Pink Book 2022 article.

We have produced an update to the Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP) to Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) mapper for 2020.

Household final consumption expenditure (HHFCE) includes spending on goods and services, except for:

  • buying or extending a house
  • investment in valuables (for example, paintings and antiques)
  • purchasing second-hand goods

Explanations for these exceptions and the related concepts are available in our Consumer trends QMI.


More quality and methodology information on strengths, limitations, appropriate uses, and how the data were created is available in our Consumer trends QMI.

Impact of coronavirus (COVID-19)

From Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2020, estimates of household final consumption expenditure (HHFCE), along with other components of gross domestic product (GDP), are subject to more uncertainty than usual. This is because of the challenges we faced in collecting the data under government-imposed public health restrictions. In the case of HHFCE, these challenges have been compounded by the suspension of data collection for the International Passenger Survey (IPS) between March 2020 and January 2021, and the temporary suspension of the Living Costs and Food survey (LCF) between 16 March and 14 April 2020.

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5. Cite this bulletin

Office for National Statistics (ONS), released 31 March 2023, ONS website, statistical bulletin, Consumer trends, UK: October to December 2022

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Contact details for this Statistical bulletin

Ian Simmons-Thomas
Telephone: +44 300 0671510