Average UK house prices increased by 1.9% in the 12 months to May 2023 (provisional estimate), down from a revised 3.2% in April 2023.
The average UK house price was £286,000 in May 2023, which is £6,000 higher than 12 months ago, but £7,000 below the recent peak in September 2022.
Average house prices increased over the 12 months to May 2023, to £304,000 in England (1.7%), £213,000 in Wales (1.8%), £193,000 in Scotland (3.2%) and £172,000 in Northern Ireland (5.0%).
The North East saw the highest annual percentage change of all English regions in the 12 months to May 2023 (4.0%), while the East saw the lowest (0.0%).
The latest house price data published on GOV.UK by HM Land Registry (HMLR) for May 2023 show that the provisional estimate for average UK house price annual inflation was 1.9% in the 12 months to May 2023. This was down from the revised estimate of 3.2% in the 12 months to April 2023, and the recent peak in annual inflation of 14.1% in July 2022. The provisional estimate for average UK house price was £286,000 in May 2023, which is £6,000 higher than 12 months ago, but £7,000 below the recent peak in September 2022.
These estimates are provisional and are subject to revision. All statistics are non-seasonally adjusted estimates, unless explicitly stated otherwise.
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic affected the supply of housing transactions for a period of time. Further information can be found in Section 7: Measuring the data.
The provisional seasonally-adjusted estimate for UK residential transactions in May 2023 was 80,020, reported in HM Revenue and Customs' (HMRC's) Monthly property transactions statistics. This provisional estimate for May 2023 is 27% lower than the revised estimate for May 2022 and 3% lower than the provisional estimate for April 2023.
On a seasonally-adjusted basis, the average UK house price decreased by 0.4% in May 2023, following a month-on-month increase of 0.5% in April 2023.
On a non-seasonally adjusted basis, the average UK house price remained little changed in May 2023, following a month-on-month increase of 0.6% in April 2023.Back to table of contents
The average house price in England increased by 1.7% over the 12 months to May 2023, down from an increase of 3.4% in the 12 months to April 2023. The average house price in England was £304,000 in May 2023.
The average house price in Scotland increased by 3.2% over the 12 months to May 2023, up from an increase of 1.8% in the 12 months to April 2023. The average house price in Scotland was £193,000 in May 2023.
The average house price in Wales increased by 1.8% over the 12 months to May 2023, up from an increase of 1.7% in the 12 months to April 2023. The average house price in Wales was £213,000 in May 2023.
The average house price in Northern Ireland increased by 5.0% over the year to Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2023. Northern Ireland remains the cheapest country in the UK in which to purchase a property, with the average house price at £172,000.Back to table of contents
The North East continued to have the lowest average house price of all English regions, at £159,000 in May 2023.
The North East is also the region with the highest annual house price inflation, with average prices increasing by 4.0% in the 12 months to May 2023, down from an annual percentage change of 5.7% in April 2023.
London's average house prices remain the most expensive of any region in the UK, with an average price of £526,000 in May 2023.
The East of England was the English region with the lowest annual house price inflation, with average prices little changed (0.0%) in the 12 months to May 2023, following an annual percentage increase of 2.1% in the 12 months to April 2023.
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UK House Price Index
Dataset | Released 19 July 2023
Monthly house price movements, including average price by property type, sales and cash mortgage sales, as well as information on first-time buyers, new builds and former owner occupiers. Data are collected by HM Land Registry and published on GOV.UK.
UK house price data: quarterly tables
Dataset | Released 24 May 2023
Quarterly house price data based on a sub-sample of the Regulated Mortgage Survey.
House Price Index: annual tables 20 to 38
Dataset | Released 19 July 2023
Annual house price data based on a sub-sample of the Regulated Mortgage Survey.
House Price Index (HPI)
The House Price Index (HPI) measures the price changes of residential housing as a percentage change from a specific time period (12 months before, or a base period where the HPI in 2015 equals 100).
House price inflation
House price inflation in the UK is the rate at which the prices of residential properties purchased in the UK rise and fall.
A non-seasonally adjusted series is one that includes seasonal or calendar effects.
A seasonally-adjusted series is one that has been subject to a widely used technique for removing seasonal or calendar effects from time series data.Back to table of contents
The UK House Price Index (HPI) is a joint production by HM Land Registry (HMLR), Registers of Scotland, Land and Property Services Northern Ireland, and the Office for National Statistics (ONS). HMLR publishes the UK House Price Index reports on GOV.UK (at 9:30am, 19 July 2023). The reports contain full details, including commentary, historical data tables and analytical tools.
It takes time for property transactions to be processed following purchase completion, so transaction volumes available for use in the UK HPI build over time. Each month, as more transactions are processed and more data becomes available for a given month, UK HPI estimates are revised.
Therefore, caution is advised when interpreting price changes in the most recent periods, since UK HPI estimates are provisional for the most recent months and are revised for 12 months (until the 13th estimate, which is final), in line with the UK HPI revision policy.
Economic statistics governance after EU Exit
More information regarding the new governance following the UK's exit from the EU is available in our UK House Price Index: August 2022 bulletin.
HM Land Registry (HMLR) transactions
HMLR has increased the use of automation in application processing. This means that initial transaction numbers may be lower than pre-coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic volumes; however, in the medium to long term, this will lead to higher volumes being processed.
We have temporarily changed the date we receive the transaction data from HMLR. As a result, we receive more transactions than those immediately seen in the published HMLR's Price Paid Data datasets.
The processing of new build properties has been more affected than the processing of "old build" properties. So, to address this, we have pooled new build transactions for certain months in England and Wales, which means that:
November 2022 includes new build transactions from October and November 2022
December 2022 includes new build transactions from November and December 2022
January 2023 includes new build transactions from December 2022 and January 2023
February 2023 includes new build transactions from January and February 2023
March 2023 includes new build transactions from February and March 2023
April 2023 includes new build transactions from March and April 2023
May 2023 has not been affected, as new builds are excluded from the model for the first estimate because of the nature of their processing.
These changes might lead to larger revisions to published estimates than usual, as we reduce the reliance on pooling. Further information on how we usually process the new build properties can be found in HMLR's Quality and methodology guidance.
Sales are only available for inclusion in the UK HPI after property purchases have been registered (or submitted for registration, in Scotland), so is based on completed sales rather than advertised or approved prices. Registration takes time, so there can be a delay before transactions feed into UK HPI estimates. Estimates for the most recent months are provisional and likely to be revised as more data becomes available and are incorporated.
The provisional UK HPI estimates for May 2023 are based on approximately 25,000 records for England, which currently represent roughly 41% of monthly property transactions, as published by HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). The provisional estimates for May 2023 also include approximately 6,000 records for Scotland (80% of transactions) and approximately 1,000 records for Wales (45% of transactions). This represents the number of records that are available at the time of calculating the UK HPI and not the number of transactions that have taken place. As time progresses, more records will become available for May 2023 and will be used to revise the UK HPI in line with our published revision policy.
However, it should be noted that there are some coverage differences between the sales volumes used in the UK HPI dataset and the monthly property transactions statistics data. One reason for this difference is likely from misclassification between residential and non-residential transactions in HMRC data, as stated in their quality report, though HRMC takes steps to reduce this measurement error. Another reason could be that residential property transactions where the buyer or seller is a corporate body, company or business are excluded from the HMLR data in the UK HPI, but included in HMRC property transaction statistics. Because of these coverage differences, the UK HPI and HMRC property transactions volumes are not directly comparable, and sales volumes in the UK HPI are likely to be lower than transaction volume estimates published by HMRC.
The main sources of data used in the UK are HMLR for England and Wales, Registers of Scotland, and HMRC's Stamp Duty Land Tax data for the Northern Ireland HPI.
Quality and methodology
More information on quality and methodology, strengths and limitations, appropriate uses, and how the data were created is available in HMLR's UK House Price Index guidance on GOV.UK.Back to table of contents
Further information on strengths and limitations of the data can be found in Section 1.4 of HM Land Registry's (HMLR's) Quality and methodology guidance.Back to table of contents
Contact details for this Statistical bulletin
Telephone: +44 1633 456400