The tables in this chapter present estimates of stocks and flows of financial assets and liabilities by institutional sector and financial instrument.
Of these tables:
Worksheet 13.1 in the accompanying dataset (XLSX, 3.3MB) presents flows (or transactions) of financial assets and liabilities for each institutional sector and lower-level financial instrument (financial account)
Worksheet 13.2 in the accompanying dataset (XLSX, 3.3MB) presents levels (or stocks) of financial assets and liabilities for each institutional sector and lower-level financial instrument (balance sheet)
Worksheets 13.3.1 to 13.3.8 in the accompanying dataset (XLSX, 3.3MB) present both financial flows and stocks by institutional sector and financial instrument
Estimates for all the institutional sectors are brought together in these tables to allow changes in assets and liabilities to be compared across the sectors. Estimates for each individual sector are also published in the appropriate sector pages in this publication.
These financial statistics are important for identifying the build-up of risks in the financial sector and for understanding financial connections among the institutional sectors and subsectors within the economy.Back to table of contents
“Flow of funds” refers to the financial flows across sectors of the UK economy and the rest of the world. Information can be presented on debtor and creditor relationships and the changes in financial assets and liabilities in the economy. Flow of funds is based on the principle that the movement of all funds must be accounted for. Across the total economy (UK and the rest of the world), the total sources of funds must equal the total uses of funds, and every financial asset transaction must have a counterpart liability transaction.
Since the global financial crisis of the late 2000s, the international community has had an increased focus on the analysis of financial stability, and the development of improvements to the data that support that analysis. This is particularly important for those countries, such as the UK, that have a significant financial sector. An important area identified internationally for improvement is the development of flow of funds counterpart statistics. These improve our understanding of how each individual sector may be exposed to the risk that could build up in other sectors. These statistics support macro-economic analysis and financial stability policy.
Counterpart statistics are not currently presented in this publication. However, in response to the need for counterpart statistics, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the Bank of England started the joint Flow of Funds Project in 2014. More information on the project and the most recent experimental counterpart statistics are available in our UK financial accounts experimental statistics flow of funds matrices: 2020 article, based on Blue Book 2020 data.Back to table of contents
Office for National Statistics (ONS), released 31 October 2023, ONS website, compendium chapter, Flow of funds, UK National Accounts, The Blue Book: 2023