Research and development (R&D) expenditure rose by £2.3 billion to £37.1 billion in 2018; this is an increase of 6.6%, which was larger than the 4.8% growth in 2017 and the largest annual rise since 2013.
Total R&D expenditure in the UK in 2018 represented 1.71% of gross domestic product (GDP); this is up from 1.67% in 2017, but it remains below the EU (EU-28) provisional estimate of 2.12%.
Funding of UK R&D from overseas increased by 1.4% to £5.1 billion in 2018 compared with 2017, but this was 8.4% lower than the peak in 2014 of £5.5 billion.
Annual estimates of national research and development (R&D) spending in the UK from the public and private sectors: business enterprise, government, higher education and private non-profit organisations.
Annual net expenditure by UK government departments, research councils and higher education funding councils on research and development (R&D) and knowledge transfer activities; by current and constant prices (formerly referred to as science, engineering and technology (SET).
Research and development and related expenditure by UK government departments, research councils and higher education funding councils. Formerly released as UK government expenditure on science, engineering and technology (SET).