Homes close to parks, gardens, playing fields and other publicly accessible green spaces in urban areas of England and Wales are more expensive than they would be if they were further away, Office for National Statistics (ONS) analysis reveals.
Houses and flats within 100 metres of public green spaces are an average of £2,500 more expensive than they would be if they were more than 500 metres away – an average premium of 1.1% in 2016.
We looked at the details of more than one million property sales in England and Wales between 2009 and 2016 from property website Zoopla (with permission) to estimate how much homebuyers value nearby green space.
Our analysis uses Ordnance Survey's Open Greenspace data, gathered using maps and aerial imagery. Public parks or gardens, play spaces, playing fields, sports facilities, golf courses, allotments or community growing spaces, and religious grounds and cemeteries are included – but woodlands, heaths and other open spaces that people might use for recreation are not.
We found that properties very near public green spaces attracted a premium, and the more green space nearby, the higher that premium is.
The closer the green space, and the more there is, the higher the premium
Property price premium by distance from nearest publicly accessible green space and total amount of public green space accessible within 500 metres
To make sure our estimates compared like with like, the analysis took account of characteristics including:
type of property (for example detached, bungalow, flat)
number of bedrooms
area of home and garden
property period (for example, Victorian)
recent renovation and presence of original features
We also allowed for the effects of:
distance to transport facilities like railway stations and bus stops
distance to retail areas and workplaces
distance to nearby schools, and the inspection ratings of schools
air and noise pollution levels
socio-economic classification of area
To find out more about how we did our analysis, read our methodology article.
Greatest premium paid for detached houses
Public green space boosts the prices of detached houses the most. These homes attract a 1.9% premium if they are within 100 metres of a public green space, but flats near green spaces are only 0.6% more expensive than those further away.
Detached houses attract the biggest premium, flats the smallest
Estimated premium for properties within 100 metres of publicly accessible green space compared with properties more than 500 metres away, by property type
Download this chart Detached houses attract the biggest premium, flats the smallestImage .csv .xls
Having a view of green space or water boosts prices even more
Homebuyers value being near to green spaces – probably because they can use them for leisure activities like dog walking, sport and exercise. But having a view of green space or water raises house prices even more.
Using the property descriptions, and connecting words like “outlook”, “views” and “surrounded”, we identified urban houses and flats with views of green spaces – like parks and playing fields – or water, such as rivers, canals, lakes or the sea.
In 2016, having a view over a green space or water boosted house prices by an extra 1.8% – an average of £4,600.
Urban green spaces and house prices near you
Use our interactive tool to find out the difference that public green spaces make to house prices near you. This tool works for urban areas in England and Wales.