Mnemonic: transport_to_workplace
Applicability: Person
Type: Derived variable


A person's place of work and their method of travel to work. This is the 2001 method of producing travel to work variables.

"Work mainly from home" applies to someone who indicated their place of work as their home address and travelled to work by driving a car or van, for example visiting clients.


Total number of categories: 12

Code Name
1 Work mainly at or from home
2 Underground, metro, light rail, tram
3 Train
4 Bus, minibus or coach
5 Taxi
6 Motorcycle, scooter or moped
7 Driving a car or van
8 Passenger in a car or van
9 Bicycle
10 On foot
11 Other method of travel to work
12 Not in employment or aged 15 years and under

View all method of travel to workplace classifications.

Quality information

As Census 2021 was during a unique period of rapid change, take care when using Travel to Work data for planning purposes.

Due to methodological changes the ‘mainly work at or from home: any workplace type’ category has a population of zero. Please use the 12 category classification of this variable.

Read more in our Travel to work quality information for Census 2021 methodology.


Read about how we developed and tested the questions for Census 2021.

Comparability with the 2011 Census

Not comparable

It is difficult to compare this variable with the 2011 Census because Census 2021 took place during a national lockdown. The government advice at the time was for people to work from home (if they can) and avoid public transport.

People who were furloughed (about 5.6 million) were advised to answer the transport to work question based on their previous travel patterns before or during the pandemic. This means that the data does not accurately represent what they were doing on Census Day. This variable cannot be directly compared with the 2011 Census Travel to Work data as it does not include people who were travelling to work on that day. It may however, be partially compared with bespoke tables from 2011.

What does not comparable mean?

A variable that is not comparable means that it cannot be compared with a variable from the 2011 Census.

England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland comparisons

Broadly comparable

The variable for Scotland includes those who travel for study as well as work.

What does broadly comparable mean?

A variable that is broadly comparable means that outputs from Census 2021 in England and Wales can generally be compared with Scotland and Northern Ireland. Differences in how the data were collected or presented may reduce the ability to fully harmonise on outputs, but some harmonisation is still expected.

Find out more about variables produced for Census 2021 in Northern Ireland and Census 2022 in Scotland.

Census 2021 data that uses this variable

We use variables from Census 2021 data to show findings in different ways.

You can:

Alternatively, you can also create a custom dataset.

Other datasets that use this variable