Mnemonic: year_arrival_uk
Applicability: Person
Type: Derived variable


The year someone not born in the UK last arrived in the UK. This does not include returning from short visits away from the UK.


Total number of categories: 13

Code Name
1 Born in the UK
2 Arrived before 1951
3 Arrived 1951 to 1960
4 Arrived 1961 to 1970
5 Arrived 1971 to 1980
6 Arrived 1981 to 1990
7 Arrived 1991 to 2000
8 Arrived 2001 to 2010
9 Arrived 2011 to 2013
10 Arrived 2014 to 2016
11 Arrived 2017 to 2019
12 Arrived 2020 to 2021
-8 Does not apply*

*Students and schoolchildren living away during term-time.

View all year of arrival in the UK classifications.


Read about how we developed and tested the questions for Census 2021.

Comparability with the 2011 Census

Highly comparable

What does highly comparable mean?

A variable that is highly comparable means that it can be directly compared with the variable from the 2011 Census. The questions and options that people could choose from may be slightly different, for example the order of the options may be swapped around, but the data collected is the same.

England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland comparisons

Broadly comparable

The variables produced for England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland use slightly different categories.

What does broadly comparable mean?

A variable that is broadly comparable means that outputs from Census 2021 in England and Wales can generally be compared with Scotland and Northern Ireland. Differences in how the data were collected or presented may reduce the ability to fully harmonise on outputs, but some harmonisation is still expected.

Find out more about variables produced for Census 2021 in Northern Ireland and Census 2022 in Scotland.

Census 2021 data that uses this variable

We use variables from Census 2021 data to show findings in different ways.

You can:

Alternatively, you can also create a custom dataset.

Other datasets that use this variable