Mnemonic: hh_adult_welsh_speakers
Applicability: Household
Type: Derived variable


Classifies households by the ability of people within that household to speak Welsh. It categorises both adults (aged 16 years and over) and children (aged 3 to 15 years) and indicates households where none of the residents speak Welsh.


Total number of categories: 5

Code Name
1 All adults in household can speak Welsh
2 At least one, but not all, adults in household can speak Welsh
3 No adult in household can speak Welsh but at least one child aged 3 to 15 years speaks Welsh
4 No adults or children in household can speak Welsh
-8 Does not apply*

*Households with no usual residents, and households in England.


Read about how we developed and tested the questions for Census 2021.

Comparability with the 2011 Census

Highly comparable

What does highly comparable mean?

A variable that is highly comparable means that it can be directly compared with the variable from the 2011 Census. The questions and options that people could choose from may be slightly different, for example the order of the options may be swapped around, but the data collected is the same.

England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland comparisons

Country specific

What does country specific mean?

This variable has only been produced for Census 2021 in England and Wales.

Find out more about variables produced for Census 2021 in Northern Ireland and Census 2022 in Scotland.

Census 2021 data that uses this variable

You can create a custom dataset.