1. Main points
The median monthly rent was £755 for England, recorded between October 2020 and September 2021; this is the highest ever recorded.
London had the highest median monthly rent at £1,425; this is nearly double the median monthly rent for England.
The North East had the lowest median monthly rent at £500.
The difference in monthly rental price between the most and least expensive local authorities was nearly £1,800.
2. Rental prices in England
Figure 1: Median monthly private rental prices increase with the number of bedrooms
Median and interquartile range of monthly rents by bedroom categories, England, 1 October 2020 to 30 September 2021
Private rental prices increased with property size
The median monthly rent in England was £755. The property size with the highest monthly rent were properties with four or more bedrooms (£1,400). Single rooms had the lowest monthly rent of all property sizes, at £420.
The difference in median monthly rents between studios (£595) and single rooms (£420) could have been driven by high volumes of data in the sample of studios located in London and the South East (representing just under half of the sample size).
The interquartile range increased with property size. The spread of rents was greatest for the "four or more bedrooms" category because of the inclusion of very large properties. The correspondingly higher rents of these large properties drove the sharp increase in both median rent and the spread of rents in this category compared with three-bedroom properties.Back to table of contents
3. Rental prices by region
Figure 2: Median monthly private rental price was highest in London
Median and interquartile range of monthly rents for all bedroom categories, by region, 1 October 2020 to 30 September 2021
Private rental prices were higher in London than any other region
Rental prices and the spread of rents tended to be higher in the southern regions of England than in the Midlands and northern regions.
The median monthly rent was highest in London at £1,425, which is £500 higher than the next largest median rent, which was £925 in the South East. The median monthly rent for the North East was £500; this is the lowest of all regions.
London rents had the greatest range of prices of all regions. This is because rental prices in Inner London tend to be higher than for Outer London. The median monthly rent for Inner London was £1,600 compared with £1,300 for Outer London.Back to table of contents
5. Private rental market, England data
Private rental market summary statistics in England
Dataset | Released 15 December 2021
Median monthly rental prices for the private rental market in England by bedroom category, region and local authority, calculated using data from the Valuation Office Agency (VOA).
There are six bedroom categories. These include:
room - this is a non-self-contained single room with shared facilities, including bedsits, single rooms in a house or flat shared with other tenants, and single rooms rented from a resident landlord
studio - this is a self-contained single-roomed property with own kitchen and bath, shower or WC facilities
one to four or more bedrooms - these are self-contained properties with one to four or more bedrooms, including houses, bungalows, flats and maisonettes
The interquartile range is the difference between the lower and upper quartile, representing the middle 50% of values.
Shires, metropolitan districts, the Council of the Isles of Scilly, unitary authorities, London boroughs and the City of London are local authorities.
Lower and upper quartile
When a series of numbers are arranged by size, the lower quartile (or 25th percentile) is the value that splits the lowest 25% of the data from the highest 75%. The upper quartile (or 75th percentile) is the value that splits the highest 25% of the data from the lowest 75%.
A region is a geographic unit formerly referred to as Government Office Region (GOR). From 1 April 2011, the term GOR was dropped in favour of region.Back to table of contents
7. Measuring the data
Consultation on the Code of Practice for Statistics - proposed change to 9:30am release practice
On behalf of the UK Statistics Authority, the Office for Statistics Regulation (OSR) is conducting a consultation on the Code of Practice for Statistics, proposing changes to the 9:30am release practice. Please email comments by 21 December 2021 to: email@example.com.
These statistics are based on a sample of 480,920 private rental data in the Valuation Office Agency (VOA) lettings information database, collected by Rent Officers from landlords and letting agents. Data were extracted for the 12 months to the end of September 2021. Only cases with sufficient evidence of a transaction taking place were included in the sample. A small proportion of data that was unconfirmed or had limited evidence was not included.
The data were broken down by administrative area and by bedroom or room category. Statistics were calculated on the total monthly rents, which may include some service charges such as fuel and water. For Local Housing Allowance purposes, service charges were not included as they were ineligible for the calculation of Housing Benefit.
The rental value ranges displayed in Figure 3 are produced using "Jenks natural breaks"; this is a method that separates values into groups that are naturally present in the data. Similar values are grouped in such a way that the differences between groups are maximised.
Economic statistics governance after EU exit
Following the UK's exit from the EU, new governance arrangements are being put in place that will support the adoption and implementation of high-quality standards for UK economic statistics. These governance arrangements will promote international comparability and add to the credibility and independence of the UK's statistical system.
At the centre of this new governance framework will be the new National Statistician's Committee for Advice on Standards for Economic Statistics (NSCASE). NSCASE will support the UK by ensuring its processes for influencing and adopting international statistical standards are world leading. The advice NSCASE provides to the National Statistician will span the full range of domains in economic statistics. This includes the National Accounts, fiscal statistics, prices, trade and the balance of payments and labour-market statistics. The UK Statistics Authority's website offers further information about NSCASE.
Following the Digital Economy Act 2017, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) gained access to Valuation Office Agency (VOA) private rental microdata. We aim to redevelop the Index of Private Housing Rental Prices (IPHRP) and Private rental market summary statistics (PRMS) to produce mix-adjusted average rental prices that are comparable over time. We also aim to refine geography to lower geographic levels, to better meet user needs.
While we have been working hard to finalise the methodology, we will now need to spend more time ensuring the production system is developed on a strategic platform and is sustainable. This has resulted in our initial timetable being out of date. More information and an updated timetable for these developments are available in the Private rental prices development plan: January 2021. If you have any queries or feedback on these developments, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Voluntary provision of data
Thank you to the landlords and estate agents who voluntarily provide the data that make this release possible.Back to table of contents
8. Strengths and limitations
Data interpretation and comparability
Under the current methodology, we do not publish a time series and users are advised not to infer trends in the rental market over time by comparing prices year-on-year.
These statistics are for information only and should be distinguished from Local Housing Allowance (LHA) rates published on DirectGov, which are used to calculate Housing Benefit for privately renting tenants.
These statistics are based on a sample of 480,920 rents recorded between 1 October 2020 and 30 September 2021. Rent Officers collect these letting information data for functions related to Housing Benefit and Universal Credit on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP). They are responsible for ensuring collected lettings information is representative of the full range of market rents. The Valuation Office Agency (VOA) provides more information on Rent Officers.
The 2011 Census provides a benchmark for the population of privately rented properties. Rent Officers tryto collect a proportionate spread of data by property type and geographic spread. The data have not been drawn from a statistically designed sample, so these statistics should be considered as only indicative of the private rental market.
Results are not adjusted to produce statistics that are representative of the private rental property market in England. Housing Benefit claimants are excluded, so not all privately rented properties are represented in this sample. The regional variation in sample size is published in Table 1.7 of the Private rental market summary statistics dataset.
Landlords and letting agents provide Rent Officers with data about the properties they let on the open market. This information is captured electronically in the lettings information database. Checks are carried out at the point of entry to ensure that any Housing-Benefit-funded tenancies are excluded from this database.
To avoid disclosure of personal information, statistics derived from samples containing fewer than five records have been suppressed. All rental values have been rounded to the nearest pound.Back to table of contents
Contact details for this Statistical bulletin
Telephone: +44 1633 456400