House price statistics for small areas in England and Wales: year ending June 2019

House prices and number of transactions for property sales in England and Wales, on an annual basis, updated quarterly.

This is the latest release. View previous releases

Contact:
Email Ceri Lewis

Release date:
13 December 2019

Next release:
To be announced

1. Main points

  • The median price paid for residential properties in England and Wales ranged from £25,000 (within Sunderland) to £4,380,000 (within Kensington and Chelsea) in the year ending June 2019.

  • The total value of residential property transactions (unadjusted for inflation) decreased most in London (9.3% decrease) in the year ending June 2019.

  • The median price paid for residential properties decreased in 41.9% of Lower-layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs).

  • The number of residential property sales recorded by HM Land Registry in England and Wales fell 5.8% to 833,850 in the year ending June 2019.

  • The number of transactions of flats and maisonettes fell 12.1% from the previous year, a larger fall than any other property type.

Back to table of contents

2. Median price paid for houses in local areas

Median price paid for residential properties in LSOAs in England and Wales ranged from £25,000 to £4.4 million

In the year ending June 2019, the median price paid for residential properties in Lower-layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in England and Wales ranged from £25,000 (within Sunderland) to £4,380,000 (within Kensington and Chelsea). The cheapest LSOA remained the same as the previous year. Last year, the most expensive LSOA, based on median price paid, was Barnet.

Figure 1 maps the geographic distribution of house prices across LSOAs in England and Wales in the year ending June 2019.

Figure 1: Median price paid for all dwellings by Lower-Layer Super Output Area

England and Wales, year ending June 2019

Embed code

There were fewer small areas in which the median price paid was £1 million or more in the year ending June 2019 compared with the previous year (353 LSOAs, down from 365). Out of the 353 LSOAs in which the median price paid was £1 million or more, 283 were in London (this represents 5.9% of London's LSOAs).

!

The property price paid percentages are calculated for LSOAs where data are available and not suppressed, which includes approximately 98% of LSOAs, so approximately 2% of LSOAs are unaccounted for.

Figure 2 shows that the percentage of LSOAs with an increase in median price paid has dropped compared with the previous year, with a decrease of 6.9 percentage points from 63.7 in June 2018 to 56.8 in June 2019. This is the fourth consecutive annual decrease, but the median price paid for residential properties in LSOAs still remains notably higher than the year ending June 2009, following the economic downturn.

Back to table of contents

3. Number of house sales in local areas

Fewer sales of flats was the main driver of the decrease in property transactions

The number of residential property transactions recorded by HM Land Registry in England and Wales fell 5.8% to 833,850 in the year ending June 2019, from 885,647 in the previous year. This was the third consecutive year in which the number of property transactions has decreased and is the lowest number of sales since the year ending June 2013, when 687,119 property transactions took place.

There was an overall decrease of 51,797 residential property sales in England and Wales on the previous year. Flats and maisonettes were the largest contributor to this decrease, with 19,536 fewer transactions (a fall of 12.1%). Every country and region had a greater percentage drop for flats and maisonettes than for other residential property types, with the largest drop being in the East Midlands (19.8%).

The next largest decrease was for terraced properties, of which there were 6.0% fewer transactions in the year ending June 2019 compared with the previous year in England and Wales. The largest percentage decrease in the number of terraced property transactions was in the South East (10.2%).

For all residential property types in all regions, the number of transactions in the year ending June 2019 was higher than 10 years ago, following the economic downturn around 2008 and 2009. However, the number of property transactions has not yet returned to the levels seen before the economic downturn.

For the third year running, less than half of Lower­-layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) saw an increase in the number of property transactions in the year ending June 2019 in comparison with the previous year.

Back to table of contents

4. Nominal housing market value

The nominal total housing market value decreased most in London

The total housing market transactions value in England and Wales was £247.2 billion in the year ending June 2019, a decrease of 5.3% on the previous year. It is also 13.6% less than the highest level of housing market value, which was in the year ending June 2007.

For England and Wales overall, the total housing market transactions value was £38.8 billion lower in the year ending June 2019 than the pre-recession peak of 2007. It was lower for all English regions and Wales, with London's housing market value falling the most (£9.2 billion) since the pre-recession peak of 2007.

In the year ending June 2019, the East of England had the highest housing market value relative to the peak in 2007 (with an index of 92.4). The North East had the lowest housing market value relative to the peak in 2007 (with an index of 69.8).

In London, the housing market value fell 9.3% in the year ending June 2019 compared with the previous year. This was the largest fall out of all English regions and Wales. Yorkshire and The Humber saw a 0.3% year-on-year decrease in housing market value in the year ending June 2019; this was the smallest decrease of all English regions and Wales.

Back to table of contents

5. House price statistics for small areas data

There are 49 datasets in total, which show house prices by property type for various geographies in England and Wales as well as the number of property transactions. Here are the most frequently downloaded datasets.

Median house prices for administrative geographies: HPSSA dataset 9
Dataset | Released 13 December 2019

Median price paid for residential property in England and Wales, by property type and administrative geographies. Annual data, updated quarterly.

Residential property sales for administrative geographies: HPSSA dataset 6
Dataset | Released 13 December 2019

Number of residential property sales in England and Wales, by property type and administrative geographies. Annual data, updated quarterly.

Median house prices by ward: HPSSA dataset 37
Dataset | Released 13 December 2019

Median price paid for residential property in England and Wales, by property type and electoral ward. Annual data, updated quarterly.

Median house prices by Middle-layer Super Output Area: HPSSA dataset 2
Dataset | Released 13 December 2019

Median price paid for residential property in England and Wales, by property type and Middle-layer Super Output Area (MSOA). Annual data, updated quarterly.

Residential property sales for administrative geographies (newly built dwellings): HPSSA dataset 7
Dataset | Released 13 December 2019

Number of new residential property sales in England and Wales, by property type and administrative geographies. Annual data, updated quarterly.

Back to table of contents

6. Glossary

Lower-layer Super Output Area (LSOA)

A Lower-layer Super Output Area (LSOA) is a geographic hierarchy designed to improve the reporting of small area statistics in England and Wales. There are 34,753 LSOAs in England and Wales, each containing between 400 and 1,200 households. More information can be found by visiting the Census geography page.

Housing market value

The housing market value refers to the total value of residential property transactions in an area. It is determined by a combination of property prices and the number of property transactions. This can be used to provide an overview of the scale of the property transaction economy.

Nominal housing market value

The nominal market value refers to housing market value statistics that have not been adjusted to take account of price inflation. They therefore present the simple total transactional value of all property sales.

Index

An index is a statistical measure of change in a variable, for example, housing market value, over time.

Back to table of contents

7. Measuring the data

Data collection

The house price statistics for small areas (HPSSAs) use data from HM Land Registry to provide statistics on the price paid and number of residential property transactions for properties that were sold in England and Wales. Properties sold at a discount to the market level, such as properties sold under the Right to Buy scheme, are not included in these statistics.

HPSSAs are updated quarterly, adding a new 12-month period to the data. The use of rolling annual data removes seasonal effects (that is, peaks and troughs in property transactions at particular times of the year) and reduces the impact of registration lag (that is, where transactions are registered by HM Land Registry sometime after the date on which they are completed).

Differences to other house price statistics

There are two sets of official statistics for house prices. In addition to these HPSSAs, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) also produces the UK House Price Index (UK HPI). The HPSSAs measure the number of property transactions and the price paid for properties sold in a given period, whereas the UK HPI provides a measure of the changing value of properties in the housing market. The differences and uses of these outputs are explained in more detail in Section 5 of the House price statistics for small areas Quality and Methodology Information (QMI) report.

Quality

More quality and methodology information on strengths, limitations, appropriate uses, and how the data were created is available in the House price statistics for small areas QMI.

Back to table of contents

8. Strengths and limitations

Detailed geographic coverage

The smallest areas for which statistics are presented are Lower-layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs), of which there are 34,753 in England and Wales, each containing around 600 households. More detailed statistics are presented for other geographies including Middle-layer Super Output Areas (MSOAs). There are 7,201 MSOAs in England and Wales, each containing around 3,000 households. Statistics for these Super Output Areas (SOAs) therefore provide a detailed geographic understanding of the number of and price paid for properties that were sold at market value.

Use of the time series

With each quarterly publication, we revise the entire time series of house price statistics for small areas (HPSSAs) back to the year ending December 1995 to reflect the fact that HM Land Registry can make amendments to the historical underlying data used to produce these statistics. The data in this release should be used rather than all previously published HPSSA data. This is to ensure that residential property transactions added to or edited in the HM Land Registry Price Paid Data are included, especially in more recent periods to which changes are more likely to relate. If a geography change is made, the entire series reflects the new structure, avoiding geographic breaks in the time series.

Back to table of contents

Contact details for this Statistical bulletin

Ceri Lewis
hpi@ons.gov.uk
Telephone: +44 (0)1633 456400