In 2022 census data have helped local planning for Ukrainian refugees and, linked with vaccination data, helped to understand occupational differentials in vaccine uptake during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. 

The rounded population and household estimates for each local authority district in England and Wales were published on 28 June 2022. We have begun publishing a series of data and supporting commentary groups by a similar theme, known as topic summaries. The first topic summary, demography and migration, was published on 2 November 2022. 

In order to inform and support response planning to the rising cost of living by the Department of Health and Social Care, we are today publishing preliminary univariate and multivariate estimates of selected population groups from Census 2021 who may be vulnerable to rising costs of living in households in England. 

The data are the best available at this point but have not yet been through all our census processing and quality assurance steps and some of the final estimates can differ.  

At all times, we have complied with important principles around proportionality, ethical oversight, security, and the need for regular reviews. All data produced have been anonymised and aggregated so no individuals are ever identifiable in any outputs we publish, in line with legislation and data protection regulations. To ensure confidentiality, and in line with our established policy on statistical disclosure control, numbers have been rounded to the nearest 100 and no counts of less than 20 have been published in this output. This arrangement is in line with guidance published by the Office for Statistics Regulation.