Environmental Accounts are:
‘satellite accounts’ to the main National Accounts
compiled in accordance with the System of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA), which closely follows the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA)
Environmental Accounts measure:
the impact of the economy on the environment
how the environment contributes to the economy by using the accounting framework and concepts of the national accounts
Environmental Accounts are used to:
inform sustainable development policy
model impacts of fiscal or monetary measures
evaluate the environmental impacts of different sectors of the economy
Environmental Accounts data:
are mostly provided in units of physical measurement (mass or volume)
can be provided in monetary units, where this is the most relevant or only data available
The United Kingdom National Accounts: The Blue Book 2014 separates environmental accounts into three categories:
natural capital accounts
physical flow accounts
A number of factors contribute to annual changes observed in the measures that are reported in the Environmental Accounts. Average temperature is one such factor which influences the data. Figure 13.1 shows how mean air temperature has varied between 1990 and 2013. The UK was cooler in 2012 compared with 2011, with average air temperature in the UK 0.9⁰C lower.
Total energy consumption increased by 1.2% from 2011 to 2012, contrary to the declining trend since 2005. Energy consumption, particularly by households, is closely related to air temperature (DECC 2013a). The increase observed in 2012 was mainly driven by the cooler weather compared to that experienced in 2011 (DECC 2013b). Similarly, the 2.2% increase in greenhouse gas emissions observed between 2011 and 2012 is likely to be partly due to the declining air temperature.
Economic growth also has an impact upon many of the accounts. The UK grew by 0.7% in 2012, compared to 1.6% in 2011.The slower economic growth reported in 2012 will have influenced many of the statistics reported in the account.
The UK Physical Trade Balance, calculated by subtracting the weight of exports from the weight of imports, remained positive for 2012. This means more materials and products were imported than exported. This measure declined during the economic downturn in 2008, 2009 and 2010, but peaked in 2012 at 129.9 million tonnes. The widening gap between physical imports and exports suggests the UK is becoming more reliant on the production of materials in other countries.Back to table of contents