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Release: 2011 Census, Population and Household Estimates for England and Wales

Released: 16 July 2012

Contact

Denise McGregor

2011 Census

census.customerservices@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444972

Categories: Population, Population Estimates, Population Estimates by Age and Sex, People and Places, Households, Number of Households, International Migration

Frequency of release: Decennial

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Local Authority and County

Survey name(s): Census

Correction

20 July 2012

2011 Census: Population and household estimates for England and Wales

A production error was discovered in Figure 10 (Average household size 1911 to 2011) of this report, originally published on 16 July 2012. The error means that the values illustrated for all years, 1911 to 2011, in Figure 10 were incorrect. This also affects the accompanying large chart. The Excel download containing the data represented in the chart was not affected by this error.

This error has now been corrected.

ONS apologises for any inconvenience caused.

17 July 2012

2011 Census: Population and household estimates for England and Wales

A production error was discovered in Figure 7 (Population change in number of residents aged 15 to 64) of this report, originally published on 16 July 2012. The error means that the values illustrated for all regions, England and Wales, England, and for Wales in Figure 7 were incorrect. This also affects the accompanying large chart and Excel file download for this Figure.

Although the data used in these files were incorrect, all related figures quoted in the text of the report are correct.

This error has now been corrected.

ONS apologises for any inconvenience caused.

Key points

The key points from this release are:
  • On census night the population in England and Wales was 56.1 million, 53.0 million in England and 3.1 million in Wales. This was the largest the population had ever been.

  • The population of England and Wales grew by 3.7 million in the 10 years since the last census, rising from 52.4 million in 2001, an increase of 7.1 per cent. This was the largest growth in the population in England and Wales in any 10-year period since census taking began, in 1801.

  • The median age of the population in England and Wales was 39. For men, the median age was 38 and for women it was 40. In 1911, the median age was 25.

  • The percentage of the population aged 65 and over was the highest seen in any census at 16.4 per cent, that is one in six people in the population was 65 and over.

  • There were 430,000 residents aged 90 and over in 2011 compared with 340,000 in 2001 and 13,000 in 1911.

  • In 2011, there were 3.5 million children under five in England and Wales, 406,000 more than in 2001.

This publication, the 2011 Census Population and Household Estimates for England and Wales, is the first release of statistics from the census taken as at 27 March 2011, and is published alongside the 2011 Census Population and Household Estimates for Wales.

The release describes the usually resident population of England and Wales by age and sex, and also provides information on topics such as the number of households and population density on census night.

Results are presented for England and Wales and constituent countries, regions, counties, London boroughs, districts and unitary authorities.

The statistics in this release will be used as a base for the 2011 mid-year population estimates scheduled for release in September 2012. In due course the mid-year population estimates from 2002 to 2010 will be re-based using what we now know from the 2011 Census.

Further results from the census will be released later in the year, and statistics for the whole of the UK will be compiled and published by ONS after each of the three census offices in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland publishes the relevant data.

Information about the terms used in this release can be found in the definitions and supporting information.

Interactive data visualisations developed by ONS are also available to aid interpretation of the results.

Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information (152.8 Kb Pdf) paper.

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.