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Categories: Labour Market, People in Work, Employment, Employment by Industry Sector, Full-time Employment, Employment by Occupation, Part-time Employment, Hours of Work, People not in Work, Economic Inactivity, Economic Inactivity by Age, Economic Inactivity by Sex, Unemployment, Long Term Unemployment, Unemployment by Age, Unemployment by Duration, Unemployment by Sex
Frequency of release: Decennial
Geographical coverage: England and Wales
Geographical breakdown: Ward and Electoral District
Survey name(s): Census
Among the 45.5 million usual residents in England and Wales, aged 16 and over in March 2011, 26.7 million were in employment, 2.1 million were unemployed and 16.7 million were economically inactive.
Across the local authorities of England and Wales, the Isles of Scilly had the highest employment rate (89.4%) and lowest unemployment rate (1.5%) and inactivity rates (9.1%). Tourism is a major part of its economy along with farming and agriculture. Most businesses tend to be small and family run and therefore most people are working.
Middlesbrough was the local authority with the highest unemployment rate for those aged 16 and over at almost double the average for England and Wales as a whole. It is an area impacted by the decline of several industries over the past 50 years.
Nottingham had the highest inactivity rate (34.6%) among local authorities across England and Wales. The next two highest inactivity rates were in Oxford (33.7%) and Cambridge (33.1%). All three areas contain a higher than average concentration of students.
This release of Detailed Characteristic tables covers the topic of Labour Market, cross-tabulated with one or more other topics from the census. Tables are provided for local authorities, 2011 Census Merged Wards and Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOAs) in England and Wales.
These tables are accompanied by local area analysis of labour market participation in England and Wales.
There are 35 Detailed Characteristics tables in this release: 28 tables produced at both MSOA and 2011 Census merged ward level, and 7 tables at Merged local authority level. These tables are available from the Nomis website. Each table can be accessed directly using the links in the reference table (50 Kb Excel sheet) .
Three of the tables produced at local authority level focus on home-workers. In order to provide the most detail possible for these tables, whilst maintaining the confidentiality of individuals’ information, it has been is necessary to merge some local authorities that have smaller populations. As a result, areas have been merged for tables DC6607EWla, DC6608EWla and DC6609EWla.
The geography for these home-worker tables is referred to as 2011 Census merged local authority districts (LADs). In this geographic hierarchy, the London boroughs of Westminster and City of London have been merged, and Cornwall UA has been merged with the Isles of Scilly UA. All other London boroughs, unitary authorities and districts in England and unitary authorities in Wales remain unmerged in this hierarchy. These unmerged areas have the same boundaries as their equivalent areas in other geographies, but are given a different entity code (E41 in England and W40 in Wales) to that used in the standard statistical or administrative hierarchies. A different entity code (E42) is also used for English counties in the merged LAD hierarchy.
The level of detail included in Detailed Characteristics tables means that, in order to prevent disclosure of individuals’ information, these tables are only produced for areas that have minimum population thresholds of 1,000 persons or 400 households. Some wards fall below this threshold. In these cases the ward is merged with a neighbouring ward, or wards, until the combined Census estimate for the merged wards is above both the minimum person (1,000) and household (400) threshold. Detailed characteristics are therefore produced for wards known as 2011 Census Merged Wards. The complete set of 2011 Census Merged Wards includes both those that have been merged, as well as those wards above the threshold that do not need to be merged. This gives complete coverage of England and Wales.
More information about merged local authorities, MSOAs and 2011 Census Merged Wards is available from ONS Geography.
During the remainder of 2013 and 2014 ONS will release further Detailed Characteristics tables for MSOAs and 2011 Census Merged Wards and further statistics at lower levels of geography such as output areas. These will continue to provide an even richer and more valuable data source for the many users of the census.
Further information about the census estimates, including details about the methodology used and information about how other population sub-groups are counted and defined, is available in the in the 2011 Census user guide.
Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology (157.6 Kb Pdf) Information paper.
These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.