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Annual Business Survey

Survey at a glance 


The Annual Business Survey (ABS), formerly known as the Annual Business Inquiry - part 2 (ABI/2), is the main structural business survey conducted by ONS. It crosses most business sectors, collecting financial data from businesses' end year accounts, including turnover, wages and salaries, purchases of goods and services, stocks and capital expenditure.

ABS is a key source of data used in the compilation of the Input-Output Annual Supply and Use tables for National Accounts. It also provides a major contribution to the Blue Book which is produced annually by National Accounts and used to inform HM Treasury in managing economic policy.

ABS is also the main collection module so that the UK can meet its legal obligation to Eurostat (the European Union statistical body) in collecting and providing data under the Structural Business Statistics regulation (SBS).

Other users include the Bank of England, the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS), the Department for Work & Pensions (DWP), the Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC), the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA), the Scottish and Welsh Governments, Local authorities, academics, researchers, the media, businesses and the public. The Department of Finance and Personnel in Northern Ireland (DFPNI) carries out its own Annual Business Inquiry and provides the NI data to ONS to compile the UK results.

ABS also provides a key bench marking source for monthly and quarterly ONS surveys such as Capital Expenditure and Stocks.


Example Current Questionnaires (please note these are for information only and should not be used to return data to ONS):

Services Standard (long) (70.7 Kb Pdf)

Services Standard (short) (49.3 Kb Pdf)

Production Standard (long) (82.4 Kb Pdf)

Production Standard (short) (64.5 Kb Pdf)  

For the 2014 survey there will be additional questions asked for the acquisition and disposal of capital assets. See article for an explanation of the reasons for increasing the number of questions asked on capital expenditure.

Example Capital Expenditure Questions for 2014 (please note these are for information only and should not be used to return data to ONS):

Services and Production Standard (long questionnaire) (34.7 Kb Pdf)

Services and Production Standard (short questionnaire) (28.5 Kb Pdf)


  • Selection Criteria - UK trading businesses registered for VAT and/or PAYE

  • GB Population - Approximately 1.9 million

  • GB Sample – Approximately 62,000

  • Frequency - Annually

  • Despatch Date - Between the 30 January and 28 February.

  • Return by Date - Beginning of May or within two months of respondents' business year end.

Please Note - Despatch and Return by dates are a guide. They are subject to change due to national holidays and weekends.    

Where are the data published? 

The data are published annually in a UK National Provisional Release, a UK National Revised Release and a UK Regional Release.

For more information go to the ABS webpages.


Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.