Figure 3: Male healthy life expectancy at birth and years lived in poorer states of health: by national deprivation deciles, England, 2015 to 2017
Source: Office for National Statistics - Annual Population Survey, 2011 Census
Life expectancy (LE) includes all usual residents.
The health state prevalence estimates used to estimate healthy life expectancy (HLE) are sourced from Annual Population Survey (APS) data. The APS excludes residents of communal establishments except NHS housing and students in halls of residence where inclusion takes place at their parents’ address.
Deprivation deciles are based on the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD15) which is the official measure of relative deprivation. Decile 1 represents the most deprived and decile 10 represents the least deprived.