Figure 5: Age-standardised mortality rates for selected substances, deaths registered 1993 to 2016
England and Wales
Source: Office for National Statistics
Age-standardised mortality rates per 1 million population, standardised to the 2013 European Standard Population.
Cause of death was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) for the years 1993 to 2000 and Tenth Revision (ICD-10) from 2001 onwards. More details can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information report. Deaths were included where the underlying cause was drug related and the specified substance was mentioned on the death certificate.
Figures are for deaths registered, rather than deaths occurring in each calendar year.
Figures for England and Wales include deaths of non-residents.