In this section

  • Manufacturing, production and services indices (measuring total economic output) and productivity (measuring efficiency, expressed as a ratio of output to input over a given period of time, for example output per person per hour).

  • Environmental accounts show how the environment contributes to the economy (for example, through the extraction of raw materials), the impacts that the economy has on the environment (for example, energy consumption and air emissions), and how society responds to environmental issues (for example, through taxation and expenditure on environmental protection). This site also hosts the development of natural capital accounts, more information is available in the Methodology section.

  • How the relationship between UK public sector income (including taxes) and expenditure (both on investment and on the day-to-day running of government) lead to changes in deficit and debt.

  • Estimates of GDP are released on a monthly and quarterly basis. Monthly estimates are released alongside other short-term economic indicators. The two quarterly estimates contain data from all three approaches to measuring GDP and are called the First quarterly estimate of GDP and the Quarterly National Accounts. Data sources feeding into the two types of releases are consistent with each other.

  • Regional gross value added using production (GVA(P)) and income (GVA(I)) approaches. Regional gross value added is the value generated by any unit engaged in the production of goods and services. GVA per head is a useful way of comparing regions of different sizes. It is not, however, a measure of regional productivity.

  • The rate of inflation is the change in prices for goods and services over time. Measures of inflation and prices include consumer price inflation, producer price inflation and the House Price Index.

  • Net flows of investment into the UK, the number of people who hold pensions of different types, and investments made by various types of trusts.

  • Core accounts for the UK economy as a whole; individual sectors (sector accounts); accounts for the regions, subregions and local areas of the UK; and satellite accounts that cover activities linked to the economy. The national accounts framework brings units and transactions together to provide a simple and understandable description of production, income, consumption, accumulation and wealth.

  • Accounts for regions, sub-regions and local areas of the UK. These accounts allow comparisons between regions and against a UK average. Statistics include regional gross value added (GVA) and figures on regional gross disposable household income (GDHI).