"Table 1: Breakpoints indicating change in trend in age-standardised and age-specific mortality rates by age group and sex, England: 1990 to 2018"
Country,Sex,Age,Breakpoint,"Lower 95%
confidence
limit","Upper 95%
confidence
limit"
England,Males,All ages,"Q2 2011 to
Q1 2012","Q3 2010 to
Q2 2011","Q1 2012 to
Q4 2012"
England,Females,All ages,"Q2 2013 to
Q1 2014","Q1 2012 to
Q4 2012","Q3 2014 to
Q2 2015"
England,Males,Under 75s,"Q1 2010 to
Q4 2010","Q4 2009 to
Q3 2010","Q3 2010 to
Q2 2011"
England,Females,Under 75s,"Q2 2011 to
Q1 2012","Q4 2010 to
Q3 2011","Q4 2011 to
Q3 2012"
England,Males,75 to 79,"Q4 2011 to
Q3 2012","Q1 2011 to
Q4 2011","Q3 2012 to
Q2 2013"
England,Females,75 to 79,"Q2 1991 to
Q1 1992","Q1 1990 to
Q4 1990","Q4 1992 to
Q3 1993"
England,Males,80 to 84,"Q3 2011 to
Q2 2012","Q1 2010 to
Q4 2010","Q4 2012 to
Q3 2013"
England,Females,80 to 84,"Q4 1995 to
Q3 1996","Q2 1993 to
Q1 1994","Q3 1998 to
Q2 1999"
England,Males,85 to 89,"Q3 2011 to
Q2 2012","Q2 2009 to
Q1 2010","Q4 2013 to
Q3 2014"
England,Females,85 to 89,"Q1 1996 to
Q4 1996","Q2 1993 to
Q1 1994","Q1 1999 to
Q4 1999"
England,Males,90 and over,"Q2 2011 to
Q1 2012","Q3 2009 to
Q2 2010","Q1 2013 to
Q4 2013"
England,Females,90 and over,"Q2 1998 to
Q1 1999","Q4 1992 to
Q3 1993","Q4 2003 to
Q3 2004"
Source: ,Office for National Statistics
Notes
1," The lower and upper 95% confidence limits have been provided. These form a confidence interval, which is a measure of the statistical precision of an estimate and shows the range of uncertainty around the estimated figure. Calculations based on small numbers of events are often subject to random fluctuations. As a general rule, if the confidence interval around one figure overlaps with the interval around another, we cannot say with certainty that there is more than a chance difference between the two figures. "
2," Q1 refers to Quarter 1 (1 January to 31 March), Q2 refers to Quarter 2 (1 April to 30 June), Q3 refers to Quarter 3 (1 July to 30 September), Q4 refers to Quarter 4 (1 October to 31 December). "