This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.
Data for Northern Ireland are available separately.
Updated this month
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period September 2012 to November 2012.
Claimant Count for December 2012.
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period October 2011 to September 2012.
Also in this release
Workforce Jobs estimates for September 2012.
The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to November 2012 compared to the 3 months to August 2012, showed increases for most of the regions of the UK, along with a few large decreases.
The largest increases were for the West Midlands and Yorkshire and The Humber, which increased by 1.1 percentage points and 0.9 percentage points respectively. Both of these appear to be part of an underlying pattern of increasing employment rates, along with the more modest increase for the North East.
Over the past year, the increases in the employment rates for the North East, Yorkshire and The Humber, West Midlands and London have all been statistically significant.
The largest quarterly decrease was for Wales which decreased by 1.2 percentage points. However, this large decrease appears to mainly be due to an unusually high estimate for the 3 months to August 2012. The underlying pattern for Wales appears to be nearly flat.
Employment rates remain higher in the East of England at 74.9%, South East at 74.8% and South West at 74.7% than the rest of the UK.
Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time.
The largest decrease in the unemployment rate was in the North East at 0.8 percentage points. This decrease, along with more modest decreases in Yorkshire and The Humber and London appear to be part of a pattern of decreasing unemployment rates.
The unemployment rate for the North East at 9.1 % continues to be the highest in the UK.
The Claimant Count for men and women has fallen across all regions of Great Britain, but continues to rise for both men and women in Northern Ireland
The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 71.4% for the period September 2012 to November 2012.
The region with the highest rate was the East of England at 74.9%, followed by the South East at 74.8% and the South West at 74.7%. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 68.2%, followed by Wales at 68.6% and London and the North West at 69.7%.
The regions with the largest increase in the employment rate on the previous period (June 2012 to August 2012) was the West Midlands with an increase of 1.1 percentage points followed by Yorkshire and The Humber with an increase of 0.9 percentage points. The region with the largest decrease in the employment rate was Wales with a decrease of 1.2 percentage points. This was followed by Scotland which decreased 0.6 percentage points and the East Midlands which decreased 0.5 percentage points. The UK rate increased by 0.1 percentage points.
Over the year the regions with the largest change in the employment rate were the North East with an increase of 2.9 percentage points and Yorkshire and The Humber and the West Midlands with an increase of 2.7 percentage points. Scotland was the only region to see a decrease at 0.3 percentage points.
The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over for the UK was 7.7% for the period September 2012 to November 2012.
The region with the highest rate was the North East at 9.1% followed by the West Midlands at 8.9% and Yorkshire and The Humber at 8.8%. The region with the lowest rate was the South West at 5.5%, followed by the South East at 6.5% and the East of England at 6.7%.
The regions with the largest decrease in the unemployment rate on the previous period (June 2012 to August 2012) were the North East at 0.8 percentage points followed by London at 0.6 percentage points. The unemployment rate in the East Midlands increased by 0.4 percentage points followed by the West Midlands which increased by 0.3 percentage points. The UK rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points.
Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were the North East with a decrease of 2.9 percentage points, London with a decrease of 1.6 percentage points and Yorkshire and The Humber with a decrease of 1.2 percentage points.
An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.
Workforce Jobs increased in 7 of the 11 regions of Great Britain between June 2012 and September 2012 with a decrease in other 4 remaining regions. The largest increase of 41,000 was in Yorkshire and The Humber, whilst the largest decrease of 39,000 was in the East Midlands.
The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 13.8 % whilst London had the lowest proportion at 3.1 %. For the service sector London has the highest proportion at 91.7 % whilst Wales has the lowest at proportion at 78.5 %.
The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 4.8% in December 2012, unchanged from November, although the level was down 12,100.
The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.7%, down 0.1 percentage point from the previous month. The next highest rates were in Yorkshire and The Humber at 6.2% and the West Midlands at 5.9%.
The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 3.0%. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 3.2% and the East of England at 3.8%.
For the period October 2011 to September 2012 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was Uttlesford in Essex at 86.1%. The next highest was Corby in Northamptonshire at 85.3% and Redditch in Worcestershire at 84.2%. The lowest rates were Birmingham at 56.6%, followed by London Borough of Newham at 57.2% and Blaenau Gwent at 58.5%.
For the period October 2011 to September 2012 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Kingston upon Hull at 15.4%. The next highest was Middlesbrough at 14.9% and Blaenau Gwent at 14.8%. The lowest rate was in West Dorset at 3.2% followed by Shetland Islands at 3.4% and Eden at 3.5%.
In December 2012 the local authority with the lowest proportion of the population aged from 16 to 64 years claiming Jobseekers Allowance in Great Britain was the Isles of Scilly at 1.0%. This was followed by Hart in Hampshire and Mid Sussex at 1.1%. Seven local authorities had a proportion of 1.2%. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 8.7%, followed by Middlesbrough at 8.5%. A further five local authorities had a proportion of 7.0% or more.
An interactive version of this map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available. This map also shows claimant count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.
In 2010 the highest jobs density in Great Britain was the City of London at 40.37 and the lowest was East Renfrewshire at 0.38. Westminster (3.33), Camden (1.72) and Islington (1.34), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs density outside London was Crawley at 1.26. After East Renfrewshire, the lowest jobs density was Lewisham in London at 0.39, followed by East Dunbartonshire at 0.40.
This Month’s Bulletin
ONS has updated the denominators used in Local and Unitary Authorities in tables LI01 and JSA01 to reflect the latest population estimates. ONS has also updated denominators used for the UK and regions in tables LI01-LI04 and JSA01-JSA02. The denominators for England and Wales are based on 2011 Census estimates, whereas estimates for Scotland and Northern Ireland are based on 2011 mid-year population estimates consistent with the 2001 Census. The UK population is based on a combination of these sources.
It is expected that 2011 Census estimates for Scotland and Northern Ireland will be released in 2013 and will be incorporated into this release as soon as practical after their release.
ONS has also updated the local and unitary authorities included in tables LI01 and JSA01 to remove areas abolished in the 2009 local authority reorganisation.
Next Month’s Bulletin
There are no significant changes in next month’s bulletin.
One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (i.e. 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).
Further information on the Quality of and Methods for Work Force Jobs estimates can be found in Summary Quality Report (295.4 Kb Pdf) .
Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of ‘errors’ in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical ‘error’ but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.
Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent ‘95 % confidence intervals’. It is expected that in 95 % of samples the range would contain the true value.
Interpreting Labour Market Statistics
There is an article on the website to help users interpret labour market statistics and highlight some common misunderstandings. A more detailed Guide to Labour Market Statistics is also available.
ONS has recently published commentary, analysis and policy on 'Special Events' which may affect statistical outputs. For full details go to the Special Events page on the ONS website.
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: email@example.com
The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.
Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:
Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.
|Bob Watson||+44 (0)1633 455070||Regional and Local Data/Claimant Countfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Nick Palmer||+44 (0)1633 455839||Regional and National Labour Force Surveyemail@example.com|
|Emily Carless||+44 (0)1633 455717||Workforce Jobsfirstname.lastname@example.org|