The population of the North East is the lowest of the English regions and one of the slowest growing. The percentage of the population aged 65 and over is projected to be one of the fastest growing among the regions.
The region’s population was 2.6 million in mid-2010, 5.0 per cent of the population of England. From 2001 to 2010, the population of the North East grew by 2.6 per cent compared with 5.6 per cent for the whole of England, making it one of the slowest growing regions in England. Within the same period, Newcastle upon Tyne showed the largest increase at 5.6 per cent, while the population of Redcar and Cleveland decreased by over 1 per cent.
In mid-2010, 17.2 per cent of the population were aged 65 and over, compared with 16.5 per cent for England as a whole. The mainly rural and coastal north and north west parts of the region have a higher proportion of people aged 65 and over compared with the more urban and industrialised south east. For example, Northumberland UA had 20.1 per cent, compared with Middlesbrough UA with 14.8 per cent.
Projections based on the mid-2008 population estimates show that by 2030 the population in the North East could reach 2.8 million. The projected increase between 2010 and 2030 is 8.2 per cent, just over half the projected increase for England of 14.4 per cent. The proportion of the population aged 65 and over is projected to increase to 23.6 per cent in 2030 compared with 21.7 per cent for England. This would be the highest after the South West, and the largest regional increase in the percentage of people aged 65 and over.
In 2009 there was net migration to the region of 42 people per 10,000 residents, compared with the England average of 33 per 10,000 residents.
Population density for the region was 300 residents per sq km in mid-2010. It was highest in Middlesbrough unitary authority at 2,600 people per sq km, and lowest at 27 per sq km in Berwick-upon-Tweed – on the border with Scotland – and Tynedale in south west Northumberland.
Source: Office for National Statistics
The geography used reflects the changes which took place in April 2009.
Population estimates and projections are for 30 June each year. The mid-2010 population estimates are those published on 30 June 2011 and the 2008-based subnational population projections are those published on 27 May 2010.
Migration data are for calendar years and were published on 25 November 2010.
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