This release provides estimates of R&D performed and funded by the following four sectors of the economy, as defined in the Frascati manual: Business Enterprise (BERD), Higher Education (HERD), Government (GovERD) which includes Research Councils, and Private Non-Profit (PNP) organisations. All these sectors’ R&D data are known collectively as GERD, which represents the gross domestic expenditure on R&D in the UK.
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: email@example.com
These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.
Released: 13 March 2013
Released: 14 March 2012
Released: 18 March 2011
Released: 26 March 2010
Released: 20 March 2009