|Overseas residents' visits to the UK||UK residents' visits abroad|
|Visits (thousands)||Earnings (£ million)||Visits (thousands)||Expenditure (£ million)|
|three months ending|
The estimated number of visits to the UK by overseas residents, seasonally adjusted, in the three months to November 2011 decreased 1 per cent to 7.7 million compared with the previous three months. They remained broadly the same when compared with the three months to November 2010.
The total number of visits to the UK by overseas residents, not seasonally adjusted, increased by 2 per cent during the 12 months ending in November 2011 compared with a year earlier (from 29.9 to 30.6 million). This was due to visits from Europe remaining broadly the same (at 22.2 million); visits from North America increasing 6 per cent (to 3.6 million); and visits from other parts of the world increasing 10 per cent (to 4.8 million).
Holiday visits increased 2 per cent (to 12.0 million); business visits increased 6 per cent (to 7.2 million); visits to friends or relatives increased by 3 per cent (to 8.7 million); and those for miscellaneous reasons decreased 8 per cent (to 2.7 million). (Tables 1, 2 and 3)
The estimated number of visits abroad by UK residents, seasonally adjusted, in the three months to November 2011 decreased 1 per cent to 13.8 million compared with the previous three months. They decreased 1 per cent when compared with the three months to November 2010.
The total number of visits abroad by UK residents, not seasonally adjusted, remained broadly the same during the 12 months ending in November 2011 compared with a year earlier (at 55.7 million). Visits to Europe increased 1 per cent (to 43.3 million); visits to North America increased 1 per cent (to 3.6 million); and visits to other parts of the world decreased 6 per cent (to 8.8 million).
Holiday visits decreased 1 per cent (to 36.2 million); business visits decreased 1 per cent (to 6.7 million); visits to friends or relatives increased 4 per cent (to 11.3 million); and those for miscellaneous reasons decreased 12 per cent (to 1.5 million). (Tables 1, 4 and 5).
Comparing the three months to November 2011, seasonally adjusted, with the previous three months, total spending by overseas visitors to the UK (earnings) decreased 4 per cent to £4.5 billion and spending by UK residents overseas (expenditure) remained broadly the same at £7.8 billion. The resulting deficit to the UK is £3.2 billion compared with £3.6 billion in the three months to November 2010.
During the 12 months ending November 2011, not seasonally adjusted, overseas earnings increased 5 per cent to £17.8 billion, and expenditure by UK residents decreased 3 per cent to £30.9 billion. This resulted in a deficit to the UK of £13.1 billion compared with £15.0 billion during the same period to November 2010. (Tables 1 and 6)
The estimates contained in this publication focus on travel and tourism with analysis based on visits (for any purpose) of less than 12 months duration by:
overseas residents to the UK, and
UK residents abroad
Estimates of the number and profile of visits to the UK by overseas residents are drawn from interviews conducted on the International Passenger Survey (IPS) with overseas residents as they leave the UK at the end of their visit. Visits abroad by UK residents are drawn from interviews conducted UK residents as they return to the UK at the end of their visit abroad. In the case of UK residents, if more than one country was visited on a trip, the country recorded as visited in ONS's Overseas Travel and Tourism publications is the country that was visited for the longest period.
Note that, although data by the International Passenger Survey (IPS) also feeds into the calculation of migration statistics, this report does not provide any information relating to International migration.
Figures for the most recent months are provisional and subject to revision in light of:
more accurate data on passenger figures becoming available at the end of each quarter
additional passenger data obtained at the end of each year
Detailed analyses for Quarter 3 of 2011 may be obtained from the publication Quarterly Overseas Travel and Tourism. Further information and a full breakdown of the figures for 2010 can be obtained from the annual report, Travel Trends 2010 which was published on 28 July 2011. Travel Trends and Quarterly Overseas Travel and Tourism and a compact dataset, Travelpac (giving a selection of variables drawn from the survey) are available from the Office for National Statistics website. The Travelpac datasets are available up to and including Quarter 3 of 2011.
In 2010 a review took place of the methodology used to estimate the number of visits made by UK residents on foreign-owned cruises which terminate in the UK. Such cruises have never been sampled in IPS and estimates have been created using passenger traffic information provided to the IPS, and reported in published estimates of total visits abroad. The recent review has led to more accurate methodology for estimating these visits and has resulted in an annual increase from approximately 20 thousand to 200 thousand of such visits. The new estimates have been included in this publication from January 2010 onwards.
The main series are seasonally adjusted. This aids interpretation by identifying seasonal patterns and calendar effects and removing them from the unadjusted data. The resulting figures give a more accurate indication of underlying movements in the series.
The model used to produce seasonal adjustment estimates is reviewed by ONS approximately every two years. A review was conducted in late 2009 and the new model was used for the first time to produce the seasonally adjusted estimates used in the December 2009 publication. Since the July 2010 publication, seasonal adjustment analysis has been undertaken using X-12-ARIMA. Details of the seasonal adjustment model can be requested from the IPS team using the statistical contact details listed at the end of these notes.
The estimates produced from the IPS are subject to sampling errors that result because not every traveller to the UK is interviewed on the survey. Sampling errors are determined both by the sample design and by the sample size - generally speaking, the larger the sample supporting a particular estimate, the proportionately smaller its sampling error. The survey sample size is approximately 70,000 per quarter.
ONS publishes both standard errors and confidence intervals relating to quarterly figures in its publication Quarterly Overseas Travel and Tourism under the heading, 'Accuracy of IPS Estimates'. The quarterly publications can be found on the ONS website.
One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this release can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. The table below records the size and pattern of revisions which have occurred over the last five years to the following key seasonally adjusted estimates:
the number of visits by overseas residents to the UK (GMAT)
the number of visits abroad by UK residents (GMAX)
earnings made from overseas residents in the UK (GMAZ)
expenditure abroad by UK residents (GMBB)
|Value in the latest period (2011 Q3)||Revisions between first publications and estimates three years later|
|Averages over the last five years (bias)||Average over the last five years without regard to sign (average absolute revision)|
Spreadsheets giving revisions triangles (real time databases) of estimates for the period illustrated in the table, and calculations behind the averages shown, are available in the data section of this publication.
Please note that all estimates, including revised estimates, are based on a sample survey and are therefore subject to sampling and other sources of error. Further information on the ONS revisions policy can be found on the website.
This publication includes estimates of number of visits split by purpose. This detail was introduced for the first time in the 'September 2009' publication in response to a notable trend in the profile of visits on this dimension.
Abbreviations used in the tables:
NA ...not available
SA ...seasonally adjusted
NSA ...not seasonally adjusted
† ...point of earliest revision
1 ...estimate (rounded to nearest 10,000 visits or £5 million)
Canada (including Greenland and St Pierre et Miquelon), USA (including Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands).
All countries listed under EU27 plus other central & Eastern Europe, North Cyprus, Gibraltar, Iceland (including Faroe Islands), Norway, Switzerland (including Liechtenstein), Turkey, the former USSR and the states of former Yugoslavia
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France (including Monaco), Finland, Germany, Greece, Irish Republic, Italy (including San Marino and Vatican City), Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal (including Azores and Madeira), Spain (including Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and Andorra) and Sweden.
As for EU15 plus, Cyprus*, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.
As for EU25 plus, Bulgaria and Romania.
All countries included in EU27 but not included in EU15.
*Only the south of Cyprus is a member of the EU but the IPS is unable to separate North and South Cyprus for the period before May 2004 and so all of Cyprus is included in the EU27 section until May 2004. From May 2004, only southern Cyprus is included in the EU27 figures.
Constituent items in the tables may not add exactly to totals due to rounding.
From 1 January 2009 certain elements of the IPS were revised to address recommendations put forward by the Inter-Departmental Task Force on Migration Statistics, 2006. The changes involved revisions to sample design, weighting and imputation methodology. These changes may result in some discontinuity in estimates.
The information provided to ONS by respondents is treated as strictly confidential as directed by the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. It is used to produce statistics that will not identify any individuals.
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available from the Media Relations Office. Also available is a list of names of those given pre-publication access (25.9 Kb Pdf) to the contents of this release.
National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. They are produced free from any political interference.
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Next publication: 9 February 2012
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