In April to June 2012 there were 3.7 million UK households with at least one member aged 16 to 64 where no-one was currently working, new figures from ONS show. This represented 17.9 per cent of households and was a fall of 0.8 percentage points, or 153,000 households, on a year earlier, the second consecutive fall. In all, 1.8 million children lived in these households, as did 5.0 million people aged 16-64.
Sickness, both long-term and temporary, was the main reason given for not working by those people aged 16 to 64 living in workless households, accounting for 1.45 million, or around three in every ten workless people. The second most common reason given was being unemployed, accounting for 1.03 million, or around one in five. The next three most common reasons were looking after the family, retirement and study.
Some of the workless people aged 16 to 64 give study or retirement as their reason for not working. If fully retired and student households are removed, the number of households in the UK that are workless is 2.92 million.
As well as a fall in workless households there was also a fall of 36,000 in working households – those with at least one person aged 16 to 64 where all adult members are in work. In April to June 2012 there were 10.9 million such households, representing 53.0 per cent of all households. There was a rise of 246,000 in mixed households – those that contain some people in work and some who are not. The number of mixed households stood at 5.97 million, or 29.1 per cent of the total.
Since 1996, the earliest point a consistent series is available, the lowest estimate for both the number and percentage of workless households was in 2006, two years before the economic downturn hit the UK in 2008. The number of workless households was 233,000 lower than in 2012, at 3.4 million, and the percentage was 0.6 percentage points lower than in 2012, at 17.3 per cent.
Over the past 15 years there has been a fall in the percentage of lone parent households with dependent children that are workless from 51.9 per cent in 1996 to 37.0 per cent in 2012. The first part of this fall happened between 1996 and 2006, the proportion then remained flat for a few years but fell by 2.2 percentage points between 2011 and 2012. Comparing lone parents and couple households, the latter have a much lower chance of being a workless household. In 2012 around 4.9 per cent of couple households with dependent children were workless, much lower than the 37.0 per cent for lone parent households, reflecting the ability for couple households to share childcare responsibilities.
Another important factor is the age of the youngest child in the family, as this has an impact on the ability of parents to go out to work. As children get older, it becomes easier for those responsible for looking after them to go out to work. The impact is much greater for lone parents, as they are generally the sole carer for the child. In 2012 around 59.0 per cent of lone parent households with their youngest child aged 0 to 4 were workless. However, when the youngest child was aged between 5 and 10, the percentage of lone parent workless households was 35.0 per cent.
A podcast giving more background on this analysis in available on the ONS Youtube channel at www.youtube.com/user/onsstats
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