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The Queen's Diamond Jubilee - Celebrating Sixty Years with Statistics

Released: 28 May 2012 Download PDF

Some errors (regarding GDP data and mean age of mother at childbirth) have been identified on this news release originally published at 9.30 am 28 May 2012. These errors have now been corrected below.

Statistics showing the changing shape of society over sixty years are released today to mark the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has compared data from 1952 with data from 2012 (or the nearest year available) to show how life has been transformed in England and Wales.

All data apply to England and Wales only, except the UK-wide figures for GDP, currency and labour disputes.

GDP (UK)
GDP in 1952 was £15,983 million compared with £1,507,585 million in 2011, an increase of 9332%.

Currency (UK)
£1 in 1952 would be worth £24.34 today (or looking at it another way, £1 today would be equivalent to 4p in 1952).

Days lost to labour disputes (UK)
1952: 1.792 million
2011: 1.390 million

Top five occupations for England and Wales (total number in brackets)
1951:
Source: 1951 Census for E&W, Occupation Tables, Table 1 Occupations of population aged 15 and over.
Male

  1. Clerks (other than shorthand typists/secretaries/typists/costing) (600,712)

  2.  Metalworking, engineering, electrical & allied trades (414,434)

  3. Agricultural workers (other than foremen/shepherds, nurserymen/market gardeners) (411,305)

  4. All other industrial and commercial undertakings (unskilled workers) (384,049)

  5. Drivers of self-propelled goods vehicles (369,727)

Female

  1. Clerks (other than shorthand typists/secretaries/typists/costing) (509,310)

  2. Shorthand typists, secretaries (380,209)

  3. Domestic servants (other than chefs/cooks/kitchen hands/chambermaids) (373,480)

  4. Non food goods (other than food goods/chemists/tobacco/newspapers) (220,322)

  5. Charwomen, office cleaners (215,336)

2001:
Source: 2001 Census for E&W, Table C0228: 1, 2, 3 and 4 digit Occupation Breakdown by Sex, Age and Highest Level of Qualification, all people aged 16 - 74 in employment the week before the Census.
Male

  1. Production; works and maintenance managers (357,111)

  2. Elementary goods handling and storage occupations n.e.c. (309,876)

  3. Sales and retail assistants (305,322)

  4. Retail and wholesale managers (289,692)

  5. Metal working production and maintenance fitters (262,541)

Female

  1. Sales and retail assistants (820,404)

  2. General office assistants/clerks (585,037)

  3. Care assistants and home carers (445,875)

  4. Nurses (387,464)

  5. Cleaners; domestics (383,561)

Unusual jobs
1951:
Male
Puddlers/shinglers (Furnacemen) (203)
Female
Locomotive engine firemen (3)
2001:
Male
Fitness instructors (7,398)
Female
School crossing patrol attendants (6,282)

Live births in England and Wales
1952:
673,735
2010: 723,165

Percentage of live births outside marriage (England and Wales)
1952:
4.8
Percentage of live births outside marriages/civil partnerships (England and Wales)
2010:
46.8

Mean age of mother at childbirth (years)
1952:
28.1
2010: 29.5

Marriages (England and Wales)
1952:
349,308
2010 (provisional): 241,100
First for both parties
1952:
281,738
2010 (provisional): 158,980

Divorces (England and Wales)
1952:
33,922
2010: 119,589

Background notes

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  2. View the latest podcasts on well-being at www.youtube/ONSstats
  3. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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