The population of England and Wales on census day (27 March 2011) was 56.1 million. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) published the first results from the 2011 Census today.
This was an increase of 3.7 million (7 per cent) since 2001 when there were 52.4 million people - the largest growth in numbers seen in any period between censuses since census taking began in 1801.
In the last ten years the population of England grew by 7 per cent to 53 million and Wales by 5 per cent to 3.06 million.
Every region in England and Wales had a larger population in 2011 than 2001. Overall there was greater population growth than in the previous ten years.
The largest increase in population since 2001 was in London, which gained more than 850,000 residents (12 per cent) and now has a population of over 8 million.
Jil Matheson, National Statistician, said:
"I'd like to thank everyone for their support. The 2011 Census has been a resounding success and I am proud of the incredible effort that has been put in. It is a rich source of information about the population and its characteristics. Across England and Wales around 19 out of 20 people responded and we have excellent statistical methods for ensuring we have a complete estimate of the whole population. These statistics will provide valuable information for planners, policy-makers and the public for years to come."
Around 55 per cent of the increase in population between 2001 and 2011 was the result of net migration. Around 45 per cent of the increase resulted from the number of births exceeding the number of deaths, caused partly by the number of women of child bearing age increasing and partly by people living longer.
The population of England and Wales has risen by approximately 50 per cent since 1911 - so for every two people in 1911 there were three in 2011.The median age of the population increased from 25 in 1911 to 35 in 1961, and 39 in 2011.
One in six people in England and Wales in 2011 was aged 65 and over. Of these, 430,000 were aged 90 and over, compared with only 13,000 in 1911.
Although the average age of the population has increased, there was an increase in the number of under-five-year-olds. There were more than 400,000 more in 2011 compared with 2001. This partly reflected a rise in the number of women of child-bearing age because of inward migration.
There were 23.4 million households in England and Wales, an 8 per cent increase on the 21.7 million households in 2001. The average household size was 2.4 people, unchanged from 2001.
Other findings include:
the average population density is 371 people per square kilometre, which equates to about four people on a rugby pitch,
331 of the 348 local authority areas grew between 2001 and 2011, with 17 decreasing in population,
the largest local authority is Birmingham, with 1,073,000 usual residents, compared with 985,000 in 2001,
Tower Hamlets (26 per cent) and Newham (24 per cent) were the only local authorities in England and Wales to show growth over 20 per cent. Outside London, Manchester was the local authority that experienced the greatest percentage population growth (19 per cent). Manchester saw the third greatest growth in England and Wales,
In 11 local authorities more than a quarter of the population was aged 65 and over. The area with the highest number of people aged 65 and over was Christchurch in Dorset (30 per cent),
the local authority with the largest proportion of children aged under five was Barking and Dagenham, with 10 per cent.
Glen Watson, Census Director said:
"The whole operation has worked well. We met our targets both for response and quality. We’ve had fantastic support from the public, and also from voluntary groups, community groups and local authorities throughout England and Wales. I’d like to say a big thank you to everyone involved, including the 35,000 people who worked on the data collection and helped to make the census a success."
The full 2011 Census report can be found on the ONS website.
For further information:
The census provides the most accurate estimate possible for the population of England and Wales and has been carried out every 10 years since 1801, apart from 1941, by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The information provided to ONS is used solely for the census, is anonymised and protected for 100 years. Census day was on 27 March 2011. All census population numbers refer to that day.
Government uses the census statistics to allocate funding for services such as education, transport and health. Policy makers in central and local government use the census to identify the needs of different communities and they are also used by commercial enterprises. It also provides the benchmark for future population estimates and for sample surveys.
The ‘median’ is the value halfway up an ordered list of numbers. The median age is the age that half of the population are older than and half are younger than.
For the first time every census questionnaire form could be filled out and returned on-line and 16 per cent of census returns were completed on-line.
National statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the National Statistics Code of Practice. They undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political interference.
The second release, due between November 2012 and February 2013, will feature more detailed statistics including national identity, ethnicity, marital and civil partnership status, and religion.
The regions referred to conform to standard statistical regions.
Some facts about the collection of census data:
• The 26 million 32-page (16 sheets of paper) questionnaires sent to households in England and Wales were printed at the rate of eight questionnaires per second.
• Stacked up, they would be 200 times the height of The Shard.
• Questionnaires were processed at a rate of 170,000 per day.
• Questionnaires were printed on paper from sustainable sources and 1,700 tonnes were destroyed and recycled after processing.
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: firstname.lastname@example.org