Characteristics of the Wales population at national and local authority level are published today from the latest findings of the 2011 Census in England and Wales, conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).
They supplement the population figures first published in July 2012, which put the total population of Wales on census day (27 March 2011) at 3.1 million – an increase of 153,000 (5 per cent) in the past 10 years, from 2.9 million in 2001.
These findings detail the lives of residents in the 22 Welsh local authorities. Topics covered include their ethnicity, religion, country of birth, health, accommodation, tenure, and use of cars and vans. Additionally, for Wales only, statistics on users of the Welsh language are published. Full details are given in the Statistical Bulletin and accompanying tables.
Some headline facts of life in Wales are:
Welsh language skills
While 80 per cent of people aged 45 to 49 in Wales said they had ‘No skills in Welsh’, this percentage changed for those aged 10 to 14 years old, 47 per cent of whom declared they had ‘No skills in Welsh’
The local authority with the greatest proportion of residents aged three and over declaring ‘No skills in Welsh’ was Blaenau Gwent (59,600 people, 88 per cent). Here, of all residents aged 25 and over, more than 95 per cent declared ‘No skills in Welsh’, whereas 52 per cent of those aged 10 to 14 years old in this district said they had no such skills
Gwynedd had the highest percentage of residents aged three and over who said they can ‘Speak, read and write in Welsh’ (65,900 people, 56 per cent). In this district 88 per cent of those aged 10 to 14 said they could ‘Speak, read and write in Welsh’
Nearly two-thirds (66 per cent, 2 million) of residents gave their national identity as Welsh
Rhondda Cynon Taf residents had the highest proportion of those seeing themselves as having a ‘Welsh only identity’ (171,800 people, 73 per cent), closely followed by Merthyr Tydfil with the second highest proportion (43,100 people, 73 per cent)
Merthyr Tydfil had the smallest proportion of ‘English’ (2,100 people, 4 per cent) or ‘English and British’ identities (200 people, less than 1 per cent)
Cardiff had the lowest proportion of the ‘White: English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British’ ethnic group in Wales at 80 per cent. Blaenau Gwent and Caerphilly had the highest proportions at 97 per cent. The average for Wales was 93 per cent, and for England and Wales as a whole it was 80 per cent
The proportion of people in Wales who said they were ‘Christians’ had decreased 14 percentage points since 2001 to 1.76 million (58 per cent)
Looking at the regions of England along with Wales, the biggest decline in those giving their religion as ‘Christian’ was in Wales, a decrease of 16 per cent (0.3 million) since 2001
Almost one third (32 per cent) of the population in Wales stated they have ‘No religion’ – the highest proportion of all regions in England and Wales
Wales’s population increase is the largest seen in any census period since 1951
Around 90 per cent of this growth was due to migration, including people moving to Wales from elsewhere in the UK, as well as international migration
93,600 non-UK-born usual residents migrated to Wales between 2001 and 2011
Guy Goodwin, ONS’s Director of Census, said:
“These statistics paint a picture of society and help us all plan for the future using accurate information at a local level.
“This is just the tip of the iceberg of census statistics. Further rich layers of vital information will be revealed as we publish more detailed data for very local levels over the coming months.”
More details on living and working in Wales are available, including:
Cars and vans
The number of cars and vans available to households in Wales increased 20 per cent between 2001 and 2011, from 1.3 to 1.6 million. This increase is greater than in England (almost 14 per cent)
Wales had a slightly higher proportion of households with four or more cars than did England (both at around 2 per cent)
Wales had more households with access to two cars or vans than households with no access
The percentage of households in Wales with access to two, three, or four or more cars or vans has increased almost 6 percentage points – a greater change than in England
The number of married couple households decreased more in Wales (by 5 percentage points) than in England, particularly in Blaenau Gwent (down by 7 percentage points) and Newport (down by 7 percentage points)
In 2011 Wales had the highest number of properties owned outright (35 per cent) compared with the regions in England, fractionally beating the South West Region (also at 35 per cent)
Health and provision of unpaid care
Compared with England, Wales had a lower percentage of residents describing themselves as in good or very good health: 78 per cent (compared with England’s 81 per cent)
Of the local authorities with the highest proportion of residents reporting ‘Very bad health’, 8 of the top 10 are in Wales
Wales continued to have a higher percentage of the population than England (18 per cent) with an activity-limiting long-term illness: 23 per cent
Wales had a higher proportion of unpaid carers than England giving 20 to 49 and 50 or more hours of care: 2 and 3 per cent respectively
The accompanying Statistical Bulletin for Release 2.1 discusses these topics in more detail.
For further information:
Media Line: 01329 447654
Visit: www.ons.gov.uk/census for more detailed analysis and information
Use this link to access interactive maps on topics such as Religion, Car ownership, Ethnicity, Dwelling type, Tenure, Year of arrival and Health. They can be embedded/used in websites using the code supplied in the maps. The maps can 'deeplink' into specific views of the data (ie a specific area and/or variable selection). Some maps are split screen, allowing graphical comparisons of 2001 with 2011 changes.
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: email@example.com