Statistics published today from the 2011 Census reveal the changing characteristics of the population in every region of England and Wales and the 348 local authorities that form them. These statistics cover topics such as ethnicity, religion, country of birth, health, accommodation, tenure, and availability of cars and vans. Further details are given in the Statistical Bulletin and accompanying tables.
This release supplements the figures published in July 2012, which put the total population of England and Wales on census day (27 March 2011) at 56.1 million – an increase of 3.7 million (7 per cent) since 2001.
There were 8.2 million residents in London. This was an increase of some 851,000 (12 per cent) since 2001, and represents 15 per cent of the population of England and Wales. This is the highest growth since 2001, when compared with regions of England and Wales. Of all regions only the South East has a larger total population.
The median age of the region was 33, which was 6 years lower than the England and Wales average. Within the region this ranged from 29 in Newham and Tower Hamlets to 40 in Havering and Bromley.
Guy Goodwin, ONS’s Director of Census, said:
“These statistics paint a picture of society and help us all plan for the future using accurate information at a local level.
“This is just the tip of the iceberg of census statistics. Further rich layers of vital information will be revealed as we publish more detailed data for very local levels over the coming months.”
Some headline facts of life in London are that:
Passports and country of birth
|Rank||Country of birth||Thousands||Per cent|
Table source: Office for National Statistics
In 2001 more than 1 in 4 of London’s population were born outside the UK (27 per cent); by 2011 this had grown to more than 1 in 3 (3 million, 37 per cent).
More than half the residents in Brent, Newham, Westminster, Kensington and Chelsea were born outside the UK. The largest proportions of foreign-born residents in London were born in India (3 per cent) and Poland (2 per cent). Of the foreign-born residents in London, half arrived between 2001 and 2011.
Over 60 per cent of the resident population of England who were born in South America lived in London.
Since 2001 Southwark had overtaken Brent to have the highest proportion of African-born residents (13 per cent of the resident population).
Enfield had the largest decrease of people born in Asia (3 per cent), with Newham and Redbridge having the largest increase at 9 per cent and 8 per cent respectively. Since 2001 Newham has overtaken Tower Hamlets to have the highest proportion of residents born in Asia (27 per cent).
London was the region with the lowest proportion of people with no passports, at 8 per cent. The five local authorities with the lowest proportion of people with no passports in London were: Kensington and Chelsea, City of London, Westminster, Camden, and Brent. The lowest proportion was 3 per cent in Kensington and Chelsea.
Three of the five local authorities with the lowest proportion of UK passports held were in London: Newham, Kensington and Chelsea, and Westminster.
|Rank||Ethnic group||Thousands||Per cent|
|1||White: English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British||3,669||44.9|
|2||White: Other White||1,034||12.6|
|3||Black/African/Caribbean/Black British: African||574||7.0|
|4||Asian/Asian British: Indian||543||6.6|
|5||Asian/Asian British: Other Asian||399||4.9|
|6||Black/African/Caribbean/Black British: Caribbean||345||4.2|
|7||Asian/Asian British: Pakistani||224||2.7|
|8||Asian/Asian British: Bangladeshi||222||2.7|
|10||Other ethnic group: Any other ethnic group||175||2.1|
Table source: Office for National Statistics
London had 3.7 million residents (45 per cent) who declared their ethnicity as ‘White: English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British’.
For every single ethnic group other than ‘White: British’, London had the highest proportion.
In England and Wales the 5 local authorities with the lowest proportions of ‘White: English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British’ were all in London: Tower Hamlets, Harrow, Ealing, Brent and Newham. All have less than 31 per cent in this category.
In Barking and Dagenham, 40,500 fewer people described themselves as ‘White: English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British’ than in 2001 – equivalent to the largest proportional decrease of any local authority (31 per cent). Some 37,000 people described themselves as ‘Black/African/Caribbean/Black British ’(over 13 per cent) - the greatest increase of any local authority. These were principally ‘Black Africans’, with an increase of 11 per cent in this group.
Table source: Office for National Statistics
There was a decline in the number of London residents who stated their religious affiliation as ‘Christian’, as in all regions of England and Wales between 2001 and 2011. However, London experienced the smallest decrease (below 10 per cent) and remained the region with the lowest proportion of Christians (48 per cent).
London had the smallest increase in those having ‘No religion’, and the highest increase of Muslims (4 per cent).
London had the highest proportion of Muslims (12 per cent), Hindus (5 per cent), Jewish (2 per cent), and Buddhist (1 per cent), and people of ‘Other religions’ (1 per cent).
Five of the top 10 local authorities with the largest proportion of Muslims were found in London: Tower Hamlets, Newham, Redbridge, Waltham Forest, and Brent. Tower Hamlets had the largest proportion with 35 per cent.
Four of the top 5 local authorities with the largest proportion of Hindus were found in London: Harrow, Brent, Redbridge, and Hounslow. Harrow had the largest proportion with 25 per cent, and showed the greatest increase (6 per cent).
Three of the top 5 local authorities with the largest proportion of Jewish people were in London: Barnet, Hackney and Camden. Barnet had the largest proportion in England and Wales with 15 per cent.
Four of the top five local authorities with the largest proportion of Buddhists were in London: Greenwich, Kensington and Chelsea, Westminster, and Hounslow. Greenwich had the largest proportion with 2 per cent.
Three of the top 5 local authorities with the largest proportion of people stating ‘Other religion’ were in London: Harrow, Barnet, and Brent. Harrow had the largest proportion with 3 per cent.
Compared to the regions of England and Wales, London had the highest proportion of socially rented accommodation (at 24 per cent), and the highest proportion of households privately rented from a landlord or letting agency (24 per cent), 9 percentage points higher than the next highest region, the South West.
The 10 local authorities with the highest proportions of households privately rented from a landlord or letting agency were all in London. The highest proportion was in Westminster with 38 per cent.
London had the lowest percentage of homes owned outright (21 per cent) or owned with a mortgage (27 per cent). Hackney had the lowest percentage of homes owned outright (9 per cent), both in London and all other regions.
London had both the highest percentage of people with recognised qualifications at degree level and above (38 per cent) and the lowest percentage with any other qualification below degree level except ‘Other’. London also had the lowest proportion of people aged 16 and over with ‘No recognised qualification’ (18 per cent).
Nine of the top 10 local authorities with the highest level of qualification at degree level or above were in London. Of these 7 are among the 10 local authorities with the lowest proportion of people with no recognised qualification. The local authority with the highest proportion of qualifications at degree level or above was City of London with 68 per cent, followed by Wandsworth with 54 per cent.
Health and provision of unpaid care
London had the highest proportion (92 per cent) of people who do not provide any unpaid care for someone with an illness or disability.
Nine of the top ten local authorities in England and Wales with the highest proportion of people who provide no unpaid care were in London; the highest was Wandsworth with 93 per cent. Wandsworth also has the highest proportion of people whose day to day activity was not limited by a long term health problem or disability (89 per cent). This local authority was the second highest for residents declaring ‘Very good health’ (57 per cent).
Four of the top five local authorities with the largest proportion of people in ‘Very good health’ were in London: Kensington and Chelsea, Wandsworth, Richmond upon Thames, and Hammersmith and Fulham. Kensington and Chelsea had the largest proportion of people in ‘Very good health’ with 58 per cent.
Car or van availability
Greater London is the only region in England where there is, on average, less than one car or van per household. Whereas in the rest of the country the average increased from 1.1 per household to 1.2 between 2001 and 2011, in London it fell from 0.9 to 0.8. It was also the only region to show an increase in the proportion of car-free households, from 38 per cent to 42 per cent.
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Visit: www.ons.gov.uk/census for more detailed analysis and information
Use this link to access interactive maps on topics such as Religion, Car ownership, Ethnicity, Dwelling type, Tenure, Year of arrival and Health. They can be embedded/used in websites using the code supplied in the maps. The maps can 'deeplink' into specific views of the data (ie a specific area and/or variable selection). Some maps are split screen, allowing graphical comparisons of 2001 with 2011 changes.
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