This is a short video looking at the latest on the UK labour market in November 2012.
It will cover July to September 2012, compared to April to June 2012. We will show the level and the rate, and unemployment was down 49,000 to 2.51 million, with a rate of 7.8 per cent.
Employment for everyone aged 16 and over was 29.58 million, up 100,000, and 71.2 per cent of people aged 16 to 64 were in work. Inactivity for those aged from 16 to 64 was 9.07 million, down 25,000, and 22.6 per cent of people aged 16 to 64 were inactive.
Finally, the claimant count, a count of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance, in October 2012, was up 10,000 on September 2012 to stand at 1.58million. And the claimant count rate stood at 4.8 per cent.
This month we will be focusing on people in employment in the UK by country of their birth, and we will compare July-September 1997 to July-September 2012. In July-September 1997, the total number of people employed in the UK was 26.7 million. For the same period in 2012, this number was 29.7 million. This is an increase of 3 million.
If we now look at the two periods together and analyse the proportion of UK born and non-UK born people in employment, we can see that in July-September 1997, 93% of those in employment in the UK were UK born and 7% non-UK born. In July-September 2012, 86% of people in employment were UK born, and 14% were non-UK born.
If we first focus on UK born workers we can see that over the period from July-September 1997 to July-September 2012 the number of UK born people in employment in the UK has increased from 24.7 million to 25.4 million, an increase of 700 thousand.
Looking at non-UK born individuals who were employed in the UK we can see that in July-September 1997 there were 2 million non-UK born people in employment compared with 4.3 million in July-September 2012. This is an increase of 2.3 million, which equates to 76% of the overall increase in the number of people employed in the UK.
Now we will focus on those employed in the UK who are non-UK born and analyse which countries they were born in, using this chart. The countries from which those who are non-UK born, but are employed in the UK, are divided up into three groups, the EU14 countries, which includes the countries shown here, the EUA8 countries, which includes the countries shown, and the rest of the world.
The graph shows the number of people employed in the UK from each of the three groups for July-September 1997 and July-September 2012.
The blue horizontal bars show the number of people employed in the UK from the three groups in July-September 1997. The green horizontal bars show the number of people employed in the UK from the three groups for July-September 2012.
If we now move this chart to the left, we can now analyse the increase for each of the three groups. We can see that the number people employed in the UK that were born in EU14 countries has increased by 141 thousand. The number of those born in EUA8 countries has increased by 650 thousand, and finally the number of people employed in the UK who were born in the rest of the world has increased by 1.48 million.
First we will look at the trend of EUA8 born people who are employed in the UK from July-September 1997 to July-September 2012 using this new chart. The blue line shows the trend over the period and the dotted line illustrates 2004. There is a large increase in EAU8 born people who are employed in the UK after 2004, which is due to these countries joining the European Union in 2004.
Finally, we will look at which groups make up the increase in the number of people employed in the UK who were born in the rest of the world between July-September 1997 and July-September 2012. We can see a 385,000 increase for those in India, Pakistan or Bangladesh. We can also see an increase of around 366,000 from those born in Africa. The number of those employed in the UK who were born in the United States of America has increased by 59,000 and the number born in Australia or New Zealand has increased by 54,000.
If we group all the other countries in the world we can see that they actually increased by 616,000 over the period, and the top three countries in this category were The Philippines, Sri Lanka and Hong Kong.