This is a short video looking at ethnicity in England and Wales.
Using these people, we will start by looking at the proportions of different ethnic groups. 48.2 million people or 86 per cent of the population, stated that their ethnicity is ‘White’. White British made up the majority of the white ethnic group, while white minority groups accounted for five per cent of the population. Minority ethnic groups are all groups excluding White British, and made up just over 19 per cent of the population.
Focusing on the minority ethnic groups, the five per cent of the population that made up the white minority group includes Irish, Gypsy and Irish Travellers and Other White. Two per cent of the population stated that they had a mixed or multiple ethnicity, such as White and Black Caribbean, White and Black African, or White and Asian. Eight per cent of the population said that they had an Asian or Asian British ethnicity, which includes Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Chinese. Three per cent of the population said that they had a Black, African, Caribbean or Black British ethnicity. The remaining one per cent of the population stated that they belong to an Other Ethnic Group, including 0.4 per cent of people who said that they are Arab. In total, there are 17 ethnic minority groups.
Now we will compare differences between 2001 and 2011 for those ethnic groups that are comparable. Some changes to the 2011 Census questionnaire means that some minority ethnic groups are not comparable.
Using this chart, we can see that the proportion of people who reported that they were White British decreased between 2001 and 2011. In 2011, just over 80 per cent said that they were White British, compared with just over 87 per cent in 2001.
Within White minority groups, the proportion of Irish people fell to 0.9 per cent of the population in 2011 from 1.2 per cent in 2001. At the same time, people in Other White groups increased to 4.4 per cent in 2011 from 2.6 per cent in 2001.
Within the mixed and multiple ethnic groups, the proportions of people in all of the groups increased between 2001 and 2011.
In the Asian and Asian British ethnic groups, there were increases in the proportions of Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi people.
In the Black, African, Caribbean and Black British group, the proportion of African people doubled to 1.8 per cent in 2011 from 0.9 per cent in 2001. The proportion of people in the Other Black group also increased between 2001 and 2011, while the proportion of Caribbean people remained the same.
Finally, we will look at ethnic groups across the regions of England and Wales.
The North East, Wales, and the South West had the highest proportions of White British people, ranging from 92 to 94 per cent of the population. In contrast, less than half of the population in London reported that they were White British, at 45 per cent, although this was still the largest group.
London had the largest proportions of the main minority ethnic groups compared with the other English regions and Wales. 15 per cent of the population in London said that they were in White minority group. Five per cent of people in London reported that they belonged to a mixed or multiple ethnic group. 18 per cent of people in London said that they were Asian or Asian British, while 11 per cent of people in the West Midlands stated that they were Asian or Asian British. Of those who said they were Black, African, Caribbean or Black British, the highest proportion was also in London, at 13 per cent. The proportions of Other Ethnic Groups within the regions ranged from 0.3 per cent in the South West to 3.8 per cent in London.