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What is the mortality rate in your local area and how does it compare?

Explore our new interactive map to find out more

Revised Age-Standardised Mortality Rates (ASMRs) for 2001-2012 are now available in an interactive mapping tool for local areas. These age-standardised rates have been calculated using the new 2013 European Standard Population (ESP) and revised population estimates for 2002-2010 which take account of the 2011 Census.

Which areas have seen the greatest decline in mortality rates?

There was an overall decline in mortality rates over the period of 2001-2012. The five greatest percentage decreases over the period for males were in East Cambridgeshire (-40%), Tamworth (-38%), Camden (-38%), Epsom and Ewell (-37%). For females, they were Camden (-39%), Uttlesford (-35%), Lichfield (-33%), Chiltern (-32%) and Haringey (-31%). The substantial variation in mortality rates between different local areas reflects underlying differences in factors such as income deprivation, socio-economic status and health behaviour (for example smoking and alcohol consumption).

Which areas had the highest mortality rates in 2012?

Tables 1 and 2 show the ten local authorities with the highest ASMRs for males and females in 2012 based on the 2013 ESP. There are minimal changes in rank following the ESP revision.

Table 1: Ten areas with the highest male ASMR in 2012 (based on the 2013 ESP)

England and Wales

Rank (2013 ESP) Area 2012 ASMR (2013 ESP) 2012 ASMR (1976 ESP) Rank (1976 ESP)
1 Blackpool UA 1,513.7 879.3 1
2 Manchester 1,504.7 836.5 3
3 Burnley 1,490.8 841.8 2
4 Blaenau Gwent 1,470.5 828.4 4
5 Stoke-on-Trent UA 1,462.3 781.9 7
6 Neath Port Talbot 1,438.1 769.6 9
7 Salford 1,408.9 785.2 6
8 Liverpool 1,408.4 791.7 5
9 Torfaen 1,406.9 765.3 10
10 Middlesbrough UA 1,399.0 763.5 11

Table source: Office for National Statistics

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Table 2: Ten areas with the highest female ASMR in 2012 (based on the 2013 ESP)

England and Wales

Rank (2013 ESP) Area 2012 ASMR (2013 ESP) 2012 ASMR (1976 ESP) Rank (1976 ESP)
1 Middlesbrough UA 1,144.7 604.8 1
2 Burnley 1,134.3 602.7 3
3 Blaenau Gwent 1,121.0 596.9 4
4 Halton UA 1,111.3 594.4 5
5 Manchester 1,106.4 602.9 2
6 Merthyr Tydfil 1,099.5 578.8 7
7 Sunderland 1,097.5 573.3 11
8 Tameside 1,093.7 575.5 9
9 Knowsley 1,072.5 579.1 6
10 Salford 1,068.4 574.0 10

Table source: Office for National Statistics

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How has the new European Standard Population affected local area mortality rates?

In maps 1 and 2, all local authorities (348) have been ranked according to their ASMR in 2012 and split into 5 equal sized groups (quintiles) for both the 2013 and 1976 ESP respectively. The majority of areas (84%) fall into the same quintile under both ESPs. Only 30 areas (8.6%) moved up a quintile and 25 areas (7.2%) moved down a quintile using the 2013 ESP.

Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, local authorities within England and Wales, 2012

The majority of regions have the same age-standardised mortality rate in 1976 and in 2013
Source: Office for National Statistics

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How have rates changed using the new European Standard Population?

The ASMR for England and Wales in 2012 was 528.0 per 100,000 persons based on the 1976 ESP compared with 987.4 based on the 2013 ESP, an 87% increase. ESP changes have caused mortality rates to increase significantly, although this is due to an improvement in statistical methods and not an increase in the actual number of deaths. The increase is due to the 2013 ESP being weighted more heavily towards older ages where most deaths occur. Trends in mortality levels within and between areas have remained relatively unchanged.

The average percentage increase in local authority ASMRs when using the 2013 ESP compared with the 1976 ESP is greatest for females (91%). For males the average percentage increase was 89%. The greater increase in female ASMRs is due to the higher number of female deaths at ages 85 and above, with over 53,000 more female than male deaths at this age in 2012 (based on death registration figures).

Where can I find out more?

If you would like to find out more about the latest mortality statistics please see Deaths Registrations Summary Tables, England and Wales. If you would like more information on the 2013 revised ESP see the ESP page. If you have any comments or suggestions, we would like to hear them. Please email us at: vsob@ons.gsi.gov.uk.

Notes: 

  1. The term 'local authorities' is used here to cover both local authorities and unitary authorities.

  2. The age-standardised mortality rates in this release cover all ages and all causes. Age-specific rates for local authorities are calculated using ONS mid-year population estimates, these are then directly age-standardised to the European Standard Population, which allows comparisons between populations with different age structures, including between males and females and over time. Rates are expressed per 100,000 population.

  3. The interactive map will be updated with 2013 data in December 2014/January 2015.

Categories: Population, Deaths, Mortality Rates
Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.