Transcript – National Cancer Statistics for England – 2013 update
This is a short video from the ONS, describing the production of cancer statistics, and highlighting the latest figures for England.
In England, around 270,000 people are diagnosed with cancer every year. The number is increasing, mainly because the population is getting older. More than half of all cancers are diagnosed over the age of 65.
More than one in three people will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime.
Also, cancer is the underlying cause of at least one in every four deaths in England.
Within ONS, a dedicated team collect and check the quality of cancer registrations submitted to ONS from a variety of different sources via cancer registries. Cancer registrations are combined with death registrations, and the resulting figures are used as the basis for ONS statistics on cancer incidence and survival. These National Statistics are published regularly on the ONS web-site.
There are many different types of cancers which you can see here. However, breast, lung, prostate and colorectal cancers are the most common. These four cancers alone accounted for more than half of all new cancers registered in 2011.
Next, we’ll look at cancer statistics by gender.
In 2011 in England, for every one hundred thousand men, around 423 were newly diagnosed with some form of cancer. For every one hundred thousand women, it was slightly less at 372. There has been very little change in these statistics over the last decade.
Among males diagnosed with cancer in 2011, the largest proportion - over a quarter of all cases - were prostate cancer. Joint second largest were lung and colorectal, each at around 14% of cases. Diagnoses of Prostate and Colorectal cancers have increased over the last decade, whilst there has been a decrease in lung cancer diagnoses for the same period.
Now we will consider the % survival, 5 years after being diagnosed with cancer. Around 10% of men diagnosed with lung cancer will survive 5 years in contrast to 82% of those diagnosed with prostate cancer. For men diagnosed with colorectal cancer, the 5 year survival estimate is about 57%.
Looking at female diagnoses, the three main cancers in 2011 were breast, lung and colorectal. Almost a third of all cases were breast cancer, no change from a decade earlier. Lung cancer accounted for nearly 12% of all cases, and colorectal around 11%.
Considering 5 year survival for women, it is notable that although breast cancer has the highest incidence, it also has the highest survival of these three cancers at 85%. Survival estimates for lung and colorectal cancer are 13% and 58% respectively.
Cancer survival varies by age and for all of the 4 most common cancers – breast, lung, prostate & colorectal – those in the highest age groups have the lowest 5 year survival estimates. Looking at breast cancer and prostate cancer the effects of screening can be seen. Women aged 50-70 are invited for breast screening every three years, and it is in this age group that survival for breast cancer is highest. A similar pattern can be seen in men diagnosed with prostate cancer. Although there is no formal prostate cancer screening programme, the prostate cancer risk management programme makes Prostate Specific Antigens or PSA testing readily available for men aged 50 & over.