Transcript – Employment Characteristics of Tourism Industries
This podcast looks at the characteristics of employment in industries that provide services for tourists.
In 2011 main and second job employment in the UK was almost 30 million. Just over 9 per cent of this was in tourism characteristic industries. This equates to employment of 2.7 million.
Focusing on the 2.7 million people who work in tourism industries, for 2.5 million of them it was their main job, whereas for the remaining 0.2 million it was their second job.
Now we will focus on employment in the individual tourism industries, and using this chart, we can see that the largest tourism industry for employment, in terms of numbers, is ‘food and beverage serving.’
Bringing on these new bars we can see the breakdown for the industries in terms of first and second job employment. ‘Food and beverage serving’ and ‘culture, sports,
conferences’ industries have the highest percentages of people whose employment in these industries is their second job.
The next breakdown of bars on the chart show the full-time and part-time employment in these tourism industries, and as we can see, nearly half of the total employment in ‘food and beverage serving’ industries is part time.
Now we will look at employees and self employed individuals within tourism employment. There are 25.4 million employees in the UK in 2011, of which 8.6% work in tourism industries. This 8.6% equates to 2.2 million.
The number of those who were self employed in 2011 totalled 4.4 million, of which 12.1% worked in tourism industries. This 12.1% equates to half a million.
This chart shows the total employment numbers for the four tourism industries, and now we will bring on the employee and self employment breakdown for the four industries. As we can see, the two tourism industries with the largest percentages of self employed workers are ‘culture, sports,
conferences’ and ‘passenger transport and travel agencies.’
Lastly, we will focus on permanent and temporary workers. This chart shows that in 2011 there were 23.7 million permanent employees in the UK, of which 8.2% worked in tourism industries. This 8.2% equates to 1.9 million.
This next chart shows that the total number of temporary employees in the UK in 2011 was 1.7 million, of which 13.1% worked in tourism industries. This 13.1% equates to 0.2 million.
This last chart will focus on the four tourism employment industries and will look at the types of temporary employees that work in them. The red bars show the total numbers of temporary employees in the four industries, and as you can see, ‘food and beverage serving’ has the largest number of temporary employees.
These new bars divide the total number of temporary employees into the four types of temporary employment, casual, seasonal, fixed contract, and other, which includes agency workers.
As you can see, for all four tourism industries, casual temporary work is important particularly in food and beverage serving and seasonal work is also an important source of employment especially in accommodation and ‘culture, sports,