This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.
Data for Northern Ireland are available separately.
Updated this month
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period May to July 2013.
Claimant Count for August 2013.
Workforce Jobs estimates for June 2013.
Also in this release
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period April 2012 to March 2013.
The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to July 2013 compared to the three months to April 2013, showed a few large changes for the regions and countries of the UK.
The largest increase in the employment rate was for the South East at 1.3 percentage points, followed by the East of England at 0.9 percentage points. Both increases follow long periods of the employment rate being flat for these regions and may be partially the result of sampling variability.
The largest decrease in the employment rate was for the North West which decreased by 1.0 percentage points, followed by the West Midlands at 0.8 percentage points. Both decreases appear to be part of a pattern of falling employment rates, although the underlying pattern appears to suggest that the decreases are more gradual than shown in the latest figures.
Employment rates remain higher in the South East at 76.0%, East of England at 75.4% and South West at 73.9% than the rest of the UK.
The employment levels for London and the South East are at record highs, although the rates remain below record levels due to increasing population numbers.
Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time.
The largest decreases in the unemployment rate for the three months to July 2013 compared to the three months to April 2013 were for Northern Ireland at 0.9 percentage points followed by the South East at 0.7 percentage points.
There were no notably large increases in unemployment for any of the regions of the UK.
The unemployment rate for the North East remains the highest in the UK at 10.4%, followed by the West Midlands at 9.8%.
The Claimant Count for August 2013 compared with July 2013 is showing decreases in the count for both men and women across all regions of the UK. The decreases are of a similar size in all regions except for Northern Ireland, which is decreasing at a slower rate than the rest of the UK.
The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 71.6% for the period May to July 2013.
The regions with the highest rate in Great Britain were the South East at 76.0%, with the East of England at 75.4% and the South West at 73.9 %. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 67.2%, followed by the North West at 68.7% and the West Midlands at 69.1%.
The regions with the largest increase in the employment rate on the previous period (February to April 2013) were the South East with an increase of 1.3 percentage points followed by the East of England with an increase of 0.9 percentage points. The region with the largest decrease in the employment rate was the North West with a decrease of 1.0 percentage points followed by the West Midlands which decreased by 0.8 percentage points. The UK rate increased by 0.2 percentage points.
The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over for the UK was 7.7% for the period May to July 2013.
The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 10.4% followed by the West Midlands at 9.8% and Yorkshire and The Humber at 8.9%. The regions with the lowest rate were the South East at 5.8%, followed by the South West at 6.2% and the East of England at 6.7%.
The regions with the largest decrease in the unemployment rate on the previous period (February to April 2013) were the South East at 0.7 percentage points followed by the East Midlands which decreased by 0.5 percentage points. The unemployment rate in the North West increased by 0.4 percentage points followed by the West Midlands, North East and Scotland which all increased by 0.3 percentage points. The UK rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points.
An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.
Workforce Jobs increased in 7 of the 11 regions of Great Britain between March 2013 and June 2013 with a decrease in the other 4 remaining regions. The largest increase of 70,000 was in London, whilst the largest decrease of 27,000 was in the West Midlands.
The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 13.5% whilst London had the lowest proportion at 2.7%. For the service sector the situation reversed with London having the highest proportion at 92.2% whilst the East Midlands had the lowest proportion at 78.7%.
The seasonally adjusted Claimant Count rate for the UK was 4.2% in August 2013 down 0.1 percentage points from July, with the level down 32,600.
The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 6.8%, down 0.1 percentage points from the previous month. The next highest rates were in Yorkshire and The Humber at 5.5% and the West Midlands at 5.2%.
The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 2.5%. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 2.7% and the East of England at 3.4%.
For the period April 2012 to March 2013 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was South Northamptonshire at 89.2%. The next highest was South Norfolk at 86.4% and Watford at 85.6%. The lowest rates were Birmingham at 57.7%, followed by Middlesbrough at 58.1% and Blaenau Gwent and Tendring in Essex at 58.3%, respectively.
For the period April 2012 to March 2013 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Kingston upon Hull and Blaenau Gwent at 15.2%. The next highest was Middlesbrough at 15.1% and Birmingham at 14.9%. The lowest rate was South Lakeland at 2.9% followed by South Northamptonshire at 3.0%.
In August 2013 the local authority with the lowest proportion of the population aged from 16 to 64 years claiming Jobseekers Allowance in Great Britain were the Isles of Scilly at 0.2% followed by Mid Sussex, Hart in Hampshire and West Dorset at 0.9%. These were followed by nineteen local authorities with a proportion of 1.1% or less. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 7.8%, followed by Middlesbrough at 7.5%. These were followed by Hartlepool and Wolverhampton at 7.2% and 7.4% respectively and a further five local authorities with a proportion of 6.0% or more.
An interactive version of this map showing Claimant Count proportions by local authority over time is available. This map also shows Claimant Count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.
In 2011 the highest jobs density in Great Britain was the City of London at 74.76 and the lowest was Lewisham at 0.39. Westminster (4.15), Camden (2.02) and Tower Hamlets (1.32), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs density outside London was Watford at 1.23. After Lewisham, the lowest jobs densities were Waltham Forest and East Renfrewshire both at 0.40, followed by Newham, Haringey and East Dunbartonshire all at 0.41.
This Month’s Bulletin
Denominators used for the calculation of Claimant Count proportions for Local and Unitary authorities in tables LI01 and JSA01 have been updated this month to use the latest mid-year population estimates. Jobs Density estimates in table LI01 have also been affected by this change. These changes also affect the proportions and Jobs Densities for regions and countries in these tables as well as in tables LI02, LI02.1, LI03, LI04, JSA02 and JSA02.1 where appropriate. Proportions for earlier periods are also revised and are available on the Nomis website.
A new format for tables 4 and 5 Workforce Jobs appears for HI01 – HI11 reference tables associated with this bulletin. The new format for tables 4 and 5 include an extended back series to March 1996. The original format of tables 4 and 5 has also been included for this quarter.
Next Month’s Bulletin
There are no significant changes planned for next month’s bulletin.
Introduction of Universal Credit
The Pathfinder for Universal Credit started on 29 April 2013 with the introduction of this new benefit in one Jobcentre Plus office (Ashton under Lyne). The pathfinder was extended to a second Jobcentre Plus office (Wigan) on 1 July 2013. The pathfinder was extended to two further offices (Oldham and Warrington) on 29 July 2013 and the progressive national roll out of Universal Credit across the rest of the UK will commence in October 2013. Universal Credit will replace a number of means-tested benefits including the means-tested element of Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA). It will not replace contributory based JSA.
The Claimant Count measures the number of people claiming benefits principally for the reason of being unemployed. Since October 1996 it has been a count of the number of people claiming JSA. Following a consultation in 2012 by ONS, it was agreed that, with the introduction of Universal Credit, the Claimant Count would include:
people claiming contribution-based JSA (which is not affected by the introduction of Universal Credit),
people claiming means-tested JSA during the transition period while this benefit is being gradually phased out, and
people claiming Universal Credit who are not earning and who are subject to a full set of labour market jobseeker requirements, that is required to be actively seeking work and available to start work.
The Claimant Count estimates from May 2013, published in this Statistical Bulletin, do not include claimants of Universal Credit . The absence of Universal Credit claimants is expected to have a small effect on the Claimant Count from May 2013. This assessment reflects the small scale of the Pathfinder.
ONS is working with the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to include jobseeker Universal Credit claims in the Claimant Count statistics as soon as possible. Universal Credit information will be collated and quality assured by DWP statisticians to ensure that they meet the necessary quality standards before being passed to ONS for inclusion in the Claimant Count estimates.
One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (i.e. 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).
Further information on the Quality of and Methods for Work Force Jobs estimates can be found in Summary Quality Report (295.4 Kb Pdf) .
Other Quality information
Quality and Methodology Information papers for labour market statistics are available on the website. Further information about the Labour Force Survey (LFS) is available from:
Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of ‘errors’ in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical ‘error’ but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.
Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent ‘95 % confidence intervals’. It is expected that in 95 % of samples the range would contain the true value.
ONS has published commentary, analysis and policy on 'Special Events' which may affect statistical outputs. For full details go to the Special Events page on the ONS website.
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: email@example.com
The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.
Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:
Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.
|Bob Watson||+44 (0)1633 455070||Regional and Local Data/Claimant Countfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Nicholas Palmer||+44 (0)1633 455839||Regional and national Labour Force Surveyemail@example.com|
|Emily Carless||+44 (0)1633 455717||Workforce Jobsfirstname.lastname@example.org|